Human resource management means management of people at work. HRM is the process which binds people with organizations and helps both people and organization to achieve each other’s goal. Various policies, processes and practices are designed to help both employees and organization’s to achieve their goal.
Human resource management is branch of management that deals with people at work, it is concerned with the human dimensions of management of the organization. As organization consists of people, therefore acquiring them, developing their skills, providing them motivation in order to attain higher goal and ensuring that the level of commitment is maintained are the important activities.
Human resource constitutes of all the management decisions responsible for relationship between organization and employees. HRM is the field of management which plans, organizes, controls the functions of procurement, development, maintenance and utilization of the work force so that.
1. Organization goals can be accomplished.
2. Objectives of human resources can be accomplished
3. Objectives of society can be accomplished.
According to Flippo, Human Resource Management is:
"The planning, organizing, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration, maintenance and reproduction of human resources to the end that individual, organizational and societal objectives are accomplished"
Human resource management can be concluded as a business oriented philosophy concerned with the management of people in order to obtain added value from them and achieve competitive advantage.
Concept of SHRM
The concept of strategic human resource management (strategic HRM) and the processes involved in:
- strategic HRM defined;
- the meaning of strategic HRM;
- the aims of strategic HRM;
-approaches to strategic HRM;
- limitations to the concept of strategic HRM.
STRATEGIC HRM DEFINED
Strategic HRM defines the