Short Essay

Topics: United States, Latin America, Spanish language Pages: 2 (653 words) Published: May 14, 2015
Alan Tort
Professor Duncan
27 April 2015

ABSTRACT: For this report, the works of Thomas O’ Brien and Alan McPherson are critically analyzed, compared, and contrasted. In a section called the ‘The Golden Age’ of Thomas O’ Brien’s book The Century of U.S. Capitalism in Latin America, the author seeks to establish a profound message to the reader of the mesmerizing growth of U.S. Capitalism in the Latin American states during the early 20th century. This particular section dwells on how the United States relationship with the Latin American states was directly influenced by the United States’ rise to a prime, modern industrial society. This status fueled U.S. consumer capitalism to seed into the foreign regions, to help craft a modern capitalist machine in Latin America. While the U.S. dominated the region’s international trade, the giant American corporations were sticking their hands into almost every key sector available, such as agriculture, mining, petroleum, and utilities. U.S. Multinational corporations were flocking, “…to the Southern Hemisphere to exploit natural resources, expand markets, and protect their control of important new technologies” (O’ Brien 56). In addition to the U.S., the elites of the region were generally pleased with the financial growth attributed to increased production of exports, as well as the naturally occurring benefits of capitalism, such as more efficient work methods, improved housing, and education. Of course, these benefits were ultimately limited in magnitude to the Latin Americans due to the idea that the U.S. reformers generally thought of them a socially and biologically inferior people.

Now, in Alan McPherson’s article “Personal Occupations: Women’s Responses to U.S. Military Occupations in Latin America,” the author concludes that the dilemma between feminism and nationalism is an ongoing issue in Latin America, and that even historians have barely scratched the surface of...
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