Shad Darshana - Six systems of Vedic Philosophy
Philosophy is a worldview, as represented by the Sanskrit darshana, derived from the verbal root drish, "to see". Generally speaking, the modern Philosophical approach seeks to find an objective vantage point from which to analyze and properly order the many subjective perspectives which constitute what is then termed "reality". The Indian approach, by contrast, has sometimes been called a subjective attempt to find the ultimate objective. While the modern West solely stresses theory, dialectic and discursive deductive reasoning, India has been said to put more of an emphasis on intuitive insight and introspection, intimately coupled with reason. For Hindus, philosophy necessarily serves as a pragmatic guide to everyday life, in addition to a cognitive road map to loftier metaphysical concerns. For most Hindu philosophers, one's philosophy is something which is not merely thought, but is something which necessarily informs and guides the entirety of one's life. The task of the traditional Hindu philosopher consists of formulating a rational and systematic account of the nature of God, man and the world, and the relation between God and man, God and the world, and man and the world, considered cosmologically, psychologically and epistemologically. This approach to the philosophic enterprise became institutionally manifest in the six traditional philosophies of India, known as the Shad darshanas which is basically six systems of salvation. All six are equally valid ways of salvation and are divided into three groups of two each and are thought to be complementary to each other. They are Nyaya and Vaisesika; Sankhya and Yoga and Mimamsa and Vedanta. Each school has developed, systematized and correlated the various parts of the Veda in its own way. Each system has its sutrakara, i.e., the one great Rishi who systematized the doctrines of the school and put them in short aphorisms or Sutras Nyaya and Vaisheshika...
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