Samsung is able to achieve and maintain its low cost position due to various factors. Samsung has always emphasized on process and production efficiency. The company places all its fab lines and R&D facility at a single site, so that engineers from various departments can come together to resolve any process or design issues as soon as possible. Benefiting from the collocation, Samsung achieved an average of 12% construction costs savings. Also, as seen in Exhibit 7a, Samsung is able to keep its fully loaded costs below that of competitors. The lower cost is mainly attributed to lower raw materials cost, perhaps due to better relationships with suppliers. Moreover, Samsung, in its design and production of DRAMs, has always sought to design them around a core design. This enables Samsung to save cost since it does not have to invest additional capital for every new product that it develops. Lastly, as other competitors were reluctant to invest in larger wafers for DRAM production, Samsung went ahead to develop and master the new technology, and has stayed as a leader ever since. As seen in Exhibit 3, this has allowed Samsung to reap the benefits of the experience curve that comes early in the product life cycle, lowering their costs for DRAM production over time.
In differentiating its products, Samsung prides itself on its product reliability. To achieve high quality in its products, Samsung invests heavily on R&D and constantly achieves design innovation. In addition, the firm also set up competing product development teams to create healthy competition so as to ensure the production of premium products in terms of quality and design. Samsung also has the ability to customize its products to customer demands. Such unique ability to bridge technical knowledge with consumer experience has enabled Samsung to command average 34% price premium over its