Joanne Evans Unit 4222-205
Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care (HSC024)
Outcome 1 Know how to recognise the signs of abuse.
1.1 Define the following types of abuse.
Physical Abuse: - Physical abuse such as hitting, pushing, pinching shaking, misusing, medication, scolding and hair pulling.
Sexual Abuse: - Sexual abuse such as forcing someone into unwanted sexual activity, being touched inappropriately, rape, sexual assault, or sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not or could not have consented or to which they have been pressurised into consenting.
Emotional / Psychological Abuse :- Emotional or Psychological abuse such as intimidation, being threatened, being ignored on purpose, humiliation, blaming, controlling, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse, being prevented from seeing family and friends or being prevented from receiving services or support.
Financial Abuse :- Financial abuse such as stealing someone’s money or spending it on the wrong things, putting pressure on someone to make changes to their will or spend their money against their wishes, fraud or exploiting someone, pressure in connection with property, inheritance, misuse property, possessions or benefits.
Institutional Abuse: - Institutional abuse such as rigid intensive routines, inadequate privacy or comfort. This can happen in care homes or hospitals or when someone receives institutional style of care in their own home.
Self Neglect: - Self neglect is characterized as the behaviour of a person that threatens their own health and safety. Self neglect generally manifests itself in a person as a refusal or failure to provide themselves with adequate food, water, clothes, shelter, personal hygiene, medication and personal safety.
Neglect By Others :- Neglect typically means the refusal or failure to provide a person with such life necessities such as food, water, clothing, shelter, personal hygiene, medicine, comfort, personal safety and other essentials included in an implied or agreed upon responsibility to a person.
1.2 Identify the signs and / or symptoms associated with each type of abuse.
Physical Abuse: - Unexplained injuries, injuries in a variety of stages or injuries that have not received medical attention. A person is being taken to many different places to receive medical attention, skin infections, dehydration, unexplained weight changes, medication being lost, changes to behaviour, behaviour that indicates that the person is afraid or avoiding the perpetrator.
Sexual Abuse: - Sexually transmitted diseases, pregnancy, tears or bruising to genital / anal areas, soreness when sitting, signs that someone is trying to take control of their body image I.e. anorexia, bulimia or self harm, sexualized behaviour, dressed inappropriately.
Emotional / Psychological Abuse :- Difficulty gaining access to the adult on their own, the adult not getting access to medical care or appointments with other agencies, low self-esteem or lack of confidents and anxiety, increased levels of confusion, increased urinary or faecal incontinence, sleep disturbance, the person feeling or acting as if they are being watched all the time, decreased ability to communicate, language being used that is not usual for the service user, deference / submission to the perpetrator.
Financial Abuse: - Sudden loss of assets, unusual or inappropriate financial transactions, visitors who’s visits always coincide with the day a persons benefits are cashed, insufficient food in the house, bills not being paid, a sense that the person is being tolerated in the house due to the income they bring in sometimes with that person not being included in the activities the rest of the family enjoy.
Institutional Abuse :- Treating adults like children, arbitrary decision making by staff group, service or organisation, strict regimented or inflexible routines or schedules for daily activities such as...
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