rural sociology and urban sociology

Topics: City, Urban sociology, Urban culture Pages: 2 (598 words) Published: December 12, 2013
Rural sociology studies the village and urban sociology deals with the city. The city life depends on the village and what it produces. Similarly, the village is very much influenced by the city. Due to the pressures from within and attractions from outside people are flocking towards the cities from the villages. The economic necessity and social deficiency are ‘pushing’ the people out of the village, while the attractions of the city are ‘pulling’ them towards their centres. This has resulted in phenomenon known as ‘urbanisation’. Both rural sociology and urban sociology are interested in studying this phenomenon. Rural sociology and urban sociology are mutually contributory. Rural sociology is helpful to urban sociology in studying such matters as-the causes for the growth of population in cities, the nature of urban problems and their solution, the reasons for the laxity of urban social institutions, rural trends in urban centres, the phenomenon of “loss of community”, etc. Similarly urban sociology is helpful to rural sociology in studying such matters as-the limitations of rural life, the urban impact on the village, the ‘rush’ of people towards the city, rural change, rural problems, rural development, rural reconstruction, etc. Rural sociology and urban sociology are so interrelated that one cannot be separated from the other. Just as it is difficult to draw a line of demarcation between the urban society and rural society, it is equally difficult to draw a hard and fast line of difference between urban sociology and rural sociology. Urban trends are found in rural societies and rural tendencies are often continued in urban societies. In small cities and towns and also in sub-urban centres we find the intermixture of rural- urban trends and features which is often described in terms of ‘rural-urban convergence”. A rural sociologist must have a basic understanding of urban sociology and similarly an urban sociologist must know the fundamental principles...
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