753BC Romulus found the city Rome.
The Capitoline Wolf is a bronze sculpture of a she-wolf suckling twin infants, inspired by the legend of the founding of Rome. According to the legend, when Numitor, grandfather of the twins Romulus and Remus, was overthrown by his brother Amulius, the usurper ordered the twins to be cast into the Tiber River. They were rescued by a she-wolf who cared for them The Rape of the Sabine Women is an episode in the legendary history of Rome, traditionally dated to 750 BC, in which the first generation of Roman men acquired wives for themselves from the neighboring Sabine families. The English word "rape" is a conventional translation of Latin raptio, which in this context means "abduction" rather than its prevalent modern meaning in English language of sexual violation. Latin league: It was originally created for protection against enemies from surrounding areas (the Etruscans) under the leadership of the city of Alba Longa, During the reign of Tarquinius Superbus, the Latins were persuaded to acknowledge the leadership of Rome The early Roman Republic formed an alliance with the Latin League in 493 BC. According to Roman tradition, this treaty, the foedus Cassianum, followed a Roman victory over the league in the Battle of Lake Regillus. The treaty provided that both Rome and the Latin League would share loot from military conquests, and provided that any military campaigns between the two be led by Roman generals. During the Roman kingdom and the early to mid Roman republic there were numerous disputes between Rome and the Latins, which led to a number of wars between Rome and individual Latin cities and occasionally with the entire league. The increasing power of Rome gradually led to its domination of the league. The renewal of the original treaty in 358 BC formally established Roman leadership and eventually triggered the outbreak of the Latin War (343 BC – 338 BC). The Cassian Treaty (496 BCE) Initially between Rome and the Latins---the Latin league agreed to fight in defense of Rome if it were attacked, and vice versa--oaths sworn before Gods (fides)--the Latins would provide manpower. New arrangements were made in 338 BCE Roman organization of Italy : Instead of imposing garrisons in the conquered territories, or destroy them, the Romans created a series of bilateral relationships with various states…municipia; Municipia without voting rights; Colonies with Latin rights; Allies with equal treaty; Allies with unequal treaty Magna Graecia (Latin meaning "Great Greece", is the name of the coastal areas of Southern Italy on the Tarentine Gulf Ver sacrum ("sacred spring") is a religious practice of ancient Italic peoples, especially Sabines and their offshoot Samnites. Roman legion :Legion(4000)- 30 maniples()2 officers eachM)- centuries(60). Velites；Hastati；Principie；Triarii. (Most military commanders of the day simply had their troops rush wildly at the enemy, relying on superior numbers, better soldiers, or luck to carry the day. The Romans realized that they could not always rely on these, so they turned to strategy)
Pyrrhus: In 281 BC, the Greek city of Tarentum, in southern Italy, fell out with Rome and was faced with a Roman attack and certain defeat. Rome had already made itself into a major power, and was poised to subdue all the Greek cities in Magna Graecia. The Tarentines asked Pyrrhus to lead their war against the Romans. He beat roman army several times. His name is famous for the term "Pyrrhic victory" which refers to an exchange at the Battle of Asculum. In response to congratulations for winning a costly victory over the Romans, he is reported to have said: If we are victorious in one more battle with the Romans, we shall be utterly ruined" The First, Second, and Third Samnite Wars, between the early Roman Republic, fighting for control of Italy, and the tribes of Samnium, extended over half a century, involving almost all the states of Italy, and ended in Roman...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document