Rock N Roll

Topics: Blues, Rock music, Rock and roll Pages: 6 (2563 words) Published: September 17, 2013
Parth Sanghavi

Rock n Roll and its celebrities influenced fans which led to a change in American culture during 1950 and 1970.

Rock n Roll or often called as “Rock & Roll” or “Rock ‘n’ Roll” is genre of very popular music that originated in the United States of America in the middle of the twentieth century. It is a combination of many African-American genres like as blues, jump blues, jazz, and gospel music,[3] together with Western swing and country music. It is characterized by electronically amplified instrumentation, a heavily accented beat, and relatively simple phrase structure. A typical Rock n Roll song will have instruments such as electric guitar, string bass or later, bass guitar, optional pianos, saxophones and vocals. The meaning of the term Rock n Roll is debatable. There are two meanings to it. The American Heritage Dictionary says that Rock n Roll is synonymous to rock music while the Encyclopedia Britannica suggests that it was a different genre of music that originated in the 1950’s ad later developed into Rock music. The precursor of the term Rock n Roll is “rocking and rolling” which literary describes the moving of the ship. In early twentieth century, it was used to describe the spiritual fervor of black church rituals. Then, in early 1940’s, many gospels and swing recording started using “rocking and rolling” until it became popular and came to be known as “rhythm and blues”, a form of music aimed at black audience. Maurie Orodenker, a Billboard columnist in 1942 used the phrase “Rock n Roll” to describe recordings like ‘Rock Me’ by Rosetta Tharpe. Ohio disc jockey Alan Freed played this music style in 1951, popularising the phrase to describe it. In the earliest rock and roll styles of the late 1940s and early 1950s, either the piano or saxophone was often the lead instrument, but these were generally replaced or supplemented by guitar in the middle to late 1950s. The beat is essentially a blues rhythm with an accentuated backbeat, the latter almost always provided by a snare drum. Classic rock and roll is usually played with one or two electric guitars (one lead, one rhythm), a string bass or (after the mid-1950s) an electric bass guitar, and a drum kit.] Beyond simply a musical style, rock and roll, as seen in movies and on television, influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language. It went on to spawn various sub-genres, often without the initially characteristic backbeat, that are now more commonly called simply "rock music" or "rock". Soon, Rock n Roll gained popularity among the masses. Rock n Roll also had a huge impact in changing the culture during the 1950’s. It impacted almost everything, the Vietnam War, fashion, drug use, youth and society. Thus, Rock n Roll changed the entire American culture.

Rock n Roll is supposed to have originated in southern USA- the region which would go on to produce a majority of the Rock n Roll acts. During the 1950, many black slaves migrated into majot cities in the USA like Chicago, Detroit, New York etc. Thus white and black people lived in close proximity. Thus their cultures (music) began to intertwine. Radio stations that made white and black forms of music available to both groups, the development and spread of the gramophone record, and African American musical styles such as jazz and swing which were taken up by white musicians, aided this process of "cultural collision". Rhythm and Blues also called “Race Music” and County Music are the roots of Rock n Roll music. Other significant influences were Gospel, Jazz and Folk. All these styles fused and Rock n Roll was born. In 1930, the first music to be presented to white people was the black music of jazz complimented with swing music. After a period of fifteen years, around World War 2, large bands were less economical due to high inflation. Thus large bands were replaced by smaller combos, using guitars, bass and drums.

Around the same period, the development of jump blues...

References: * Rock and Roll History." N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Aug. 2013.
* Repellent, Dave. "The Social Influence of Rock and Roll." - Musical Family Tree. N.p., 17 Dec. 2012. Web. 26 Aug. 2013. <http://www.musicalfamilytree.net/profiles/blogs/the-social-influence-of-rock?xg_source=activity>.
* Sarappa, Ola. "The Vietnam Conflict: The Rock ‘n’ Roll War." The Vietnam Conflict: The Rock ‘n’ Roll War. N.p., 18 Aug. 2011. Web. 26 Aug. 2013. <http://paolasarappa.wordpress.com/2011/08/18/the-vietnam-conflict-the-rock-‘n’-roll-war/>.
* The Impacts of Rock and Roll Music on American Society." Rock and Roll 's Influence. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013. <http://www.personal.psu.edu/users//a/v/avb5073/Assignment5.html>.
* 1950 's Music Decade Overview." 1950 's Music Decade Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://www.rockmusictimeline.com/1950s.html>.
* Hopkins, Alexander. "Protest and Rock N ' Roll During the Vietnam War." Http://www.studentpulse.com/articles/713/protest-and-rock-n-roll-during-the-vietnam-war. N.p., Nov. 2012. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://www.studentpulse.com/articles/713/protest-and-rock-n-roll-during-the-vietnam-war>.
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