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An energy crisis is a situation in which a nation suffers from a disruption of energy supplies connected by increasing energy prices that threaten economic and national security. At the moment, there is an increasing worldwide demand for electrical power and transportation, both which depend mostly on fossil fuels, such as oil products. Because the population and new technology is always expanding, demand for energy is expected to increase year by year. With ninety percent of the world’s oil reserves already discovered (World Energy Crisis), people need to find new ways to make energy. The energy crisis of this new century needs charge, attention, and a change that will keep the country running on more than just fumes.
“Everything we consume or use—our homes, their contents, our cars and the roads we travel, the clothes we wear, and the food we eat—requires energy to produce and package, to distribute to shops or front doors, to operate, and then to get rid of.” (State of the World 25) Currently in the United States the usage of Petroleum is at 37%, Natural Gas at 24%, Coal at 23%, Nuclear Electric Power at 8%, and Renewable Energy at 7%. (The Role of Renewable Energy in the Nation’s Energy Supply) “With just over 1.3 billion people, China is the world's largest and most populous country. While the world's population is at approximately 6.7 billion, China represents 20% of the world's population, which makes one in every five people on the planet a resident of China”( China Population - The Population of China). China’s high population will have a huge impact on the world because it needs the most energy. China is already the world’s number one coal consumer and the third largest oil user. “If the average Chinese consumer used as much oil as the average American uses, China would require 90 million barrels per day—11 million more than the entire world produced each day in 2001.” (Making Better Energy Choices) Through these measures, it is important to begin to come to grips with the limits Americans face and change the way people use energy today. Petroleum, Natural Gas, Coal, and Nuclear energy are the four main energy providers of the United States. Petroleum
Petroleum is one of the most used energy sources in the world. Petroleum is oil that was formed from the remains of animals and plants that lived millions of years ago in a water environment before the dinosaurs. After crude oil is removed from the ground, it is sent to a refinery by pipeline, ship, or barge. At this refinery, different parts of the crude oil are separated into useable petroleum products. Some of these petroleum products include gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, and propane. Petroleum provides fuel to run vehicles, cook food, heat homes, and generate electricity. “Transportation needs require 66% of all available petroleum to fuel cars, buses, trucks, and jets. That means 34% of oil is used for items such as plastics, medicines, food items, and countless other products from aspirin to soccer balls” (Essential Energy Education). Since petroleum is a fossil fuel, it is not a renewable resource. One day petroleum will run out and Americans and the rest of the world will need to find another way to power everything petroleum powers. Coal
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock composed mostly of carbon and hydrocarbons. The energy in coal comes from the energy stored by plants that lived hundreds of millions of years ago. For millions of years, water and dirt buried layers of dead plants at the bottom of swamps, which trapped the...
Cited: Renner, Michael. State of the World 2005: a Worldwatch Institute Report on Progress toward a Sustainable Society. New York: W.W. Norton, 2005. Print.
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