The previous chapter focused on the literature issues with the traditional voting system that encourage developing an electronic application for this purpose. This chapter describes the various options to be employed by the researcher in answering the research questions. The basis of methods used to collect data of the system problem is presented. It includes specific methods which were used to achieve the objectives of the project and a justification of the chosen approach. A methodology is a systematic way of performing procedures aimed at achieving a particular goal.
3.2 Data sources
3.2.1 Secondary data sources
The researcher used secondary data, which played a major role in defining the electronic voting system. Secondary data refers to data already presented and collected by other researchers and have qualitative and quantitative nature and its utilization are visible in descriptive research (Lancaster states, 2005). This formed most of the literature review on this research project. The researcher extracted useful information from respectable scientists and other researchers outside Zimbabwe. The information was extracted from published textbooks, journals and research reports. The use of Internet was intensively used in the finding research publications and other research related materials. The researcher used such data extensively in order to come out with a reliable electronic voting system that suited the university voting processes.
a) Secondary data helped to show what has already been done in the field and thus provide guideline of what should be done and avoiding repetitions.
b) Most of the journals bridge the gap that exists between current trends and what is in the textbooks.
a) Biased opinions and views expressed in the written material cannot be avoided totally
b) The background information in terms of conditions under which information was collected and the