Mrs. Evans, Period 5
20 November 2013
During the 18th century there was a breakthrough in many different subjects such as art, the philosophes, politics, and literature. The significance of the topics covered were that many different ideas and influences that arouse in effect.
In art two main new types of arts were formed, Rococo and Neoclassical art and architecture. Rocco Art consisted of a lavish, decorative, style and very romantic and fairytale. Some of Rococo art showed nudes, and French aristocrats at play. It first was seen in France in the 18th century and was known as the “Style of Louis XIV.” On the other hand, Neoclassicism first appeared in Italy, Rome and was a response to Rococo Art. Neoclassicism concentrated more on self sacrifice and many of the figures looked sculpted. The scenes seemed to be very mythological and historical as well as achieving balance.
Some very memorable philosophes during this era were Beccaria, Adam Smith, John Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, and Voltaire. Beccaria published On Crimes and Punishments, he attacked capital punishment and believed in a speedy trial. Beccaria believed that laws should allow the greatest good for the greatest amount of people. Adam Smith was the founder the Laissez-faire, which was a belief that the government should have little role in the economic life of the people, and private property should be allowed to do whatever they wanted with it. Favoring, that individuals should pursue own self interest. Smith published The Wealth of Nations. John Locke set the belief of tabula rasa, which is the idea that humans enter the world as a blank slate/canvas. He also believed that human personality could be altered by changing the environment, and he wrote An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Montesquieu was the most influential because he proposed the idea of the separation of powers. The executive, judicial, and legislative which we see...
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