Roy’s Adaptation Model
Alita Campbell, Helen Chacko, Dana Eckert, Sherry Phillips, Lisa Waite
Grand Canyon University – NUR 502
January 21, 2015
Collaborative Learning Community: Grand Nursing Theorist Assignment
Roy’s Adaptation Model Nursing has developed into a profession, in which many theories have been developed and presented in order to lend guidance for purposeful and meaningful practice. In general, nursing theories are based on four concepts that collectively make up the nursing metaparadigm: person, environment, health, and nursing. These four concepts represent a commonality in the nursing profession (Tourville & Ingalls, 2003). This paper will discuss the Roy’s Adaptation Model (RAM) and include a brief introduction to the theory, the rationale for selection of the theory, an overview of the theory concepts, the application of the theory to nursing practice, the benefits of the model to patient care and an educational proposal on introducing the model to a practice group.
Brief Introduction of Roy’s Adaptation Model RAM was developed by Sr. Callista Roy, and first introduced as a nursing school model in 1970. This model has been widely applied in nursing practice, education and research. The basis of this model is on the assumption that each person is a bio-psycho-social being and is in constant interaction with a changing environment. The ability of the person to cope and positively adapt to change has a direct relationship on the overall health and wellness that is experienced by the person (Tourville & Ingalls, 2003).
Rationale for Selection The rationale for choosing RAM is that the model can be applied easily to a wide variety of clinical experiences, showcasing the ability of this theory to relate to the constant change in priorities, complexities, populations and communities. This supports the basis that RAM is a problem solving approach when applying the
References: Andrews, H.; Roy, C. (1991). The Adaptation Model. Norwalk: Appleton & Lange Chitty, K.K., & Black, B.P Clayton State University [CSU], (2015). Application of Roy’s adaptation model (RAM). Retrieved from http://www.clayton.edu/health/Nursing/Nursing- Theory McEwen, M., and Wills, E Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Nursing Theory (2013) Senesac, P. (2013). Implementing the Roy Adaptation Model: From theory to practice. Retrieved from http://www.bc.edu/schools/son/faculty/featured/theorist/Roy_Adaptation_ Model/Practice.html Shosha, G. A., & Kalaldeh, M. A. (2012). A critical analysis of using Roy’s adaptation model in nursing research Tourville, C. & Ingalls, K. (2003). The living tree of nursing theories. Nursing Forum, 38(3), 21- 36