Pubs in the Uk

Topics: 2008, Smoking ban, Beer / Pages: 10 (2264 words) / Published: Dec 7th, 2010
Pubs in the UK


This report intends to determine why pubs in the UK are increasingly transforming into gastro pubs.

The first part of this study will review recent statistics to give an overview of the pub sector’s position in the hospitality industry, to describe the size, scope and decline of this individual sector.

The second part will evaluate how macro factors have affected this industry, both in the last 10 years and currently, using PESTEL analysis. This analysis will then be used to forecast directions for the pub sector. The Palmerston, a pub turned gastro pub, will be referred to, to illustrate these findings and profitable recommendations will be made for the sector and The Palmerston

Although the report focuses on pubs, statistics used represent bars and nightclubs as these are commonly perceived to be the same sector. PESTEL factors have, where possible, been analysed in separate sections even though some can be related to one another.

Sector Overview

Traditionally, pubs existed solely for selling alcoholic drinks as they represented a retail dimension for breweries (Market & Business Development (MBD), 2000). This has changed to pubs focusing on other features to attract customers, such as providing more entertainment and becoming a food-led outlet.

According to statistics from people 1st (2008), the pubs, bars and nightclubs sector is one of the biggest within the hospitality industry in terms of labour force size, number of enterprises and establishments and turnover (see appendix 1, 2 and 3 ). The majority of the workforce is part time and female (see appendix 4 and 5).

Although a large sector, pubs are in decline. Pub closures in the UK have increased to five every day partly due to dropping beer consumption (British Beer & Pub Association (BBPA), 2008). This market has seen a constant drop over the last 30 years with only one small rise in 1988 (see appendix 6).

Independent pubs are constantly

Bibliography: • Blyth, D. (2002) The Publican’s Handbook. 5th edition. London: Kogan Page Limited. • Caterer and Hotelkeeper (2008), ‘Pub industry backs call for happy hour ban’, 13 November, p. 8. • Ford, R (2008) ‘Pubs and clubs told to bring an end to happy hours’, The Times, 26 November, p. 5. • Laurie, B. (2008) ‘How to beat downturn’, Caterer and Hotelkeeper, 13 November 2008, p. 17. • Vaughan, T. (2008) ‘Price Fighting’, Caterer and Hotelkeeper, 5 June 2008, pp. 27-29. • Walton, C. (2008) ‘Migrant workforce returns to Europe over weak pound’, Caterer and Hotelkeeper, 22 May 2008, p. 7. • Duce, C. (2006) Pubs continue to see alcohol sales slide to supermarkets. Available at: [Accessed: 27 November 2008]. • Green with energy (2002) Available at: [Accessed: 27 November 2008]. • Industry Data: Employment in the UK Hospitality Industry (2008) Available at: [Accessed: 22 November 2008]. • Kicking out the habit (2001) Available at: [Accessed: 27 November 2008]. • Number of Pubs in the UK – Industry Data (2008) Available at: [Accessed: 20 November 2008]. • O’Loughlin, M. (2007) How to Spot a Good Gastro pub. Available at: [Accessed: 23 November 2008]. • Public Smoking Bans (2008) Available at: [Accessed: 24 November 2008]. • Thomas, D. (2008) Government urged to stem rate of pub closures. Available at: [Accessed: 27 November 2008]. • Thomas, D. (2008) Industry fury at alcohol tax hike in Pre-Budget Report. Available at: [Accessed: 24 November 2008]. • Thomas, D. (2008) Tory MP tables EDM to ban cheap supermarket booze. Available at: [Accessed: 27 November 2008]. • Thomas, D. (2006) Will hospitality gain from 2012? Available at: [Accessed: 26 November 2008]. • What is a Pub? (2008) Available at: [Accessed: 22 November 2008]. • Walton, C. (2007) Wetherspoons offers free Wi-Fi to patrons. Available at: [Accessed: 27 November 2008]. Reports • British Beer & Pub Association (2008) A Wake-up for Westminster • Huxley, R. (2003) A Review of the UK Food Market. Available at: [Accessed: 9th November 2008]. • The Peach Factory (2007) Dining Trends 2007. Available at: [Accessed 9th November 2008].

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