Psychology and Personality

Topics: Personality psychology, Psychology, Personality Pages: 5 (1483 words) Published: October 12, 2013
Personality is the particular combination of emotional, attitudinal, and behavioral response patterns of an individual. Some ideas in the psychological and scientific study of personality include: Personality changes

Personality development, the concept that personality is affected by various sources Personality disorder
Personality genetics, a scientific field that examines the relation between personality and genetics Personality pathology, characterized by adaptive inflexibility, vicious cycles of maladaptive behavior, and emotional instability under stress Personality psychology, the theory and study of individual differences, traits, and types Personality quiz a series of questions (usually multiple-choice, rating scale, or True/False) intended to describe aspects of an individual's character, thoughts, and feelings Personality style

Personality systematics, among subsystems of personality as they are embedded in the entire ecological system Personality test, examples would include the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2), Rorschach Inkblot Test, and Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Personality type, refers to patterns of relatively enduring characteristics of behavior that occur with sufficient frequency Personality trait, refers to enduring personal characteristics that are revealed in a particular pattern of behaviour in a variety of situation

Personality is the unique traits of an individual and may be recognized at the early stages of their life1. Personality development can thus be defined as the development of a person’s attributes that make one unique. Personality therefore reflects an individual’s psychological traits, characteristics, motives, habits, attitudes, and beliefs. Personality also displays ones reaction and interaction with other people and consists mainly of the following three components: temperament, environment, and character. Character is an individual’s entire traits or attribute that distinguishes one person from the other. 

The mental characteristics of an individual’s personality are the complex attributes that makes the individual unique and different from other people. These characteristics include all the patterns of thought and emotions that cause one to do and say things in particular ways.  Fundamentally, personality is expressed through ones temperament tone.  Personality also defines ones values, beliefs, and expectations.   There are several possible factors that are involved in shaping an individual’s personality and are mostly seen as coming from a person’s heredity and the environment that they are exposed to.  PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

An individual's personality is an aggregate conglomeration of the decisions they have made throughout their life and the memory of the experiences to which these decisions led. There are inherent natural, genetic, and environmental factors that contribute to the development of our personality. According to process of socialization, "personality also colors our values, beliefs, and expectations ... Hereditary factors that contribute to personality development do so as a result of interactions with the particular social environment in which people live." Personality is defined as the enduring personal characteristics of individuals. FREUD’s THEORY

Drives-Freud believed that two basic drives—sex and aggression—motivate all our thoughts and behaviour. Structure of personality-Freud conceived the mind as only having a fixed amount of psychic energy (libido). Tripartite personality-Freud believed that personality had three parts—the id, ego, and super-ego—referring to this as the tripartite personality Defense mechanisms- The ego, having a difficult time trying to satisfy both the needs of the id and the superego, employs defense mechanisms. Psychosexual stages-Freud believed that at particular points in the child's development.

Personality’ is what distinguishes you from other...
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