Psychoactive drug addiction

Topics: Middle Ages, Tennis, Manifest and latent functions and dysfunctions Pages: 6 (1626 words) Published: April 14, 2014

Holy Cross of Davao College
Sta. Ana Avenue,Davao City

Title: Goodness of Sports

Submitted to: Mrs. Nelia Aga

Chapter |

Think of society as a living organism which every part of it contributes to its survival. This view is the functionalist perspective, which every parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability. Functionalist regard sports as an almost religious institution that uses ritual and ceremony to reinforce the common values of a society.  In 1968, Robert Merton made an important distinction between manifest and latent functions. Manifest functions of institutions are open, stated, conscious functions that involve intended, recognized, consequences of an aspect of society. Taking sports as an example, manifest function of sports is to keep people stay fit and healthy. It is an objective that widely and well known by everyone. In contrast, latent functions are unconscious or unintended functions that may reflect hidden purposes of an institution. For example, someone who takes part and involve in sport might intend to gain popularity. It is something that only known by the party or the person himself. Besides manifest function and latent function, sociologists define dysfunction ... longer exist. Everyone will focus on the same goal to win and to achieve victory, no matter who you are, where you from or what is your race. For example, when our national badminton player, Datuk Lee Chong Wei, managed to get the first silver in the Olympic game for our country, everyone cheered for him. The whole country was so excited about it. Although he is a Chinese, the Malays and Indians were cheered for him too. Everyone gets united. Prove that through sports, we can promote peace. People can get along harmony and avoid conflict.  Sports and Pastimes of the Middle Ages by John Marshall Carter The English at Play in the Middle Ages by Teresa McLean

Running and Racing After Thirty-Five by Mark Allan/Scheid Lawrence Prime Time Tennis by Vic Seixas, Joel H. Cohen
Medieval Knights (See-Through History Series) by David Nicolle Hunting Weapons from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century : With 288 Illustrations by Howard L. Blackmore

The word “sports” comes from the ancient French: "se desporter" or "se déporter" and became "to deport" in English. It meant "amuse". Sometimes violent, with natural and brutal movements at the beginning, English people enjoyed themselves playing traditional sports. Sport was only fun. Then it opted for competition. After the English industrial revolution English people codified the rules of sport and gradually organized it around clubs. Sport really developed in the middle of the XIXth century. 

A lot of sports that were born in Great Britain are now practiced all over the world. 

Football, or Soccer is one such sport. It was played in the Middle Ages and is still very popular today.

Soccer was practiced by the lower-class, in a rough, rudimentary form from mediaeval England, until the XVIIIth century. Then it was forbidden. Taken up in the XIXth century by the "elite" in public schools and in the Universities of Oxford and of Cambridge, it was codified by the Football Association (F.A), founded in 1863. on Saturday afternoons, a lot of supporters came to watch the matches.  Football was taken up by the working class after 1880. 

Another popular sport of today that was played during the Middle Ages is rugby, also known as Football Rugger. 

Young William Ellis, was a student at the Rugby Public School where he played hurling in 1823. Rugby was born when he caught the ball in his hands and ran to put it in the goals. The Rugby Football Union was created in 1871. In 1906, the Rugby League appeared, for professionals. Twickenham (near London), Murrayfield in Scotland and Cardiff in Wales are the principal stadiums....
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