Week One Quiz
Choose the correct option for each question.
1. Chromosomes consist of large, double-stranded molecules of:
a. deoxyribonucleic acid.
b. ribonucleic acid.
c. autosomal genes.
d. recombination genes.
2. Which of the following is NOT one of the many ways that genes can affect behavior?
a. Genes may affect neurotransmitter levels or receptors.
b. Genes can act indirectly by making it more likely you will be raised in a particular environment.
c. Genes themselves cause behavior without any influence of the environment.
d. Genes produce proteins that may make it more likely for a person to become addicted.
3. Nerves from the central nervous system convey information to the muscles and glands by way of the:
a. autonomic nervous system.
b. somatic nervous system.
c. sympathetic nervous system.
d. parasympathetic nervous system.
4. When researchers try to estimate the heritability of a human behavior, what are the main kinds of individuals they consider?
a. Twins and adopted children
b. People from non-western cultures
c. Newborns and infants
d. Uneducated people living in educated societies
5. The sweat glands, adrenal glands, and muscles that constrict blood vessels have input from only the ____ nervous system.
d. dorsal root
6. The temporal lobe of the cerebral cortex is the primary target for which kind of sensory information?
a. somatosensory, including touch
b. the simplest aspects of vision
7. Suppose a virus damaged only the dorsal roots of the spinal cord, but not the ventral roots. What would happen to the sensory and motor abilities of the affected area?
a. Loss of sensation, but preserved motor control
b. Loss of both sensation and motor control
c. Loss of motor control, but preserved sensation
d. Unaffected sensation and motor control
8. Units of heredity that maintain their structural identity from one