1.Complete Chapter 21.1 Assessment, page 605, numbers 1-3.
1. a. Protist- a protest is a eukaryote that is not a member of the plant, animal, or fungi kingdom
b. compare the updated classification of protists with the older one. Recently the protest kingdom has been divided into six major clades. These new found clades relate some of the protists to animals and fungi.
2.What are the four major ways protists can move? Provide an explanation for each. How is cilia movement different from flagella?
3.A. What are the three various ways protists can reproduce? Provide an example for each. A. Which ones involve an exchange of genetic material? B. The water mold life-cycle can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Draw this lifecycle and label the asexual and sexual parts. Explain what the sporangium is and be sure to reference it in the drawing.1.Which protist has a macronucleus and a micronucleus? Explain each.
2.Why are autotrophic protists critical to our ecological environment?
3.What is algae bloom? How and why is it dangerous? Research a recent episode of algae bloom in the US and explain it.
4.Describe what ways amoebas, ciliates, and slime molds have/obtain food.
5.In protist terms, how is engulfing food different from absorbing food?
6.Explain what a symbiotic relationship is. Give an example of a mutualistic symbiosis.
7.Give an example of a parasitic symbiosis.
8.Read Chapter 21, section 4 about fungi.
9.What are the main characteristics of fungus?
10.Draw a structure of the mushroom. Label the following: hyphae, mycelium, fruiting body, and reproductive structure.
11.How do fungi differ from other multicellular organisms?
12.Explain how fungi reproduce (explain both sexual and asexual reproduction).
13.How many phyla of fungi are there? Compose a table with the name and distinguishing features of each phyla.
14.Provide an example of a fungus that causes disease in crops and agriculture.