The Printing Press
The Renaissance is the French translation of “Rebirth." This was reflected in the outburst of art and culture, inspired by the revival of classic art and the intellect of Greece and Rome. Literature had flourished; the technological advancement of the invention of the printing press was a major contribution to the renaissance and had drastically revolutionized the nature of book publishing and the accessibility of knowledge in Europe and ultimately the world.
Prior to the innovation, books were painstakingly produced by hand. Scribes were entitled to perform this task. Words and drawings would be carefully replicated onto parchment .The long, arduous and tedious labor that accompanied the production of these books justified the cost. Around the late 1430s, Johann Gutenberg a goldsmith was eager to earn money lucratively. Printing at that time was basic and involved letters or images cut on blocks of wood being dipped in ink and subsequently stamped onto paper. Gutenberg possessed experience on the operation of printing from previous employment at a mint. Gutenberg endeavored to innovate the process, and invented the “movable type machine." Johann’s invention amalgamated several technologies; it incorporated the Chinese technique of block printing with the press used to produce wine and oil. Metal was utilized as an alternative to wood. These could be reused & moved to form words and sentences, which were inked and transferred onto paper.
The noble classes weren’t fond of this; hand-inked books were valued due to their scarcity and cost. Possession of them indicated luxury and splendor, as opposed to budget-friendly; mass-produced books. Therefore, printed materials were initially popular amongst the lower classes. Printing had evolved into a trade following the dissemination of the printing press, resulting in the operation of print shops. This thrived as well as connected industries such as papermaking owing to the growing demand...
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