Poverty is everyone's concern

Topics: Soil, Erosion, Surface runoff Pages: 11 (6523 words) Published: November 1, 2014

Poverty is general scarcity or dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money.[1] Absolute poverty or destitution refers to the deprivation of basic human needs, which commonly includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care and education. Relative poverty is defined contextually as economic inequality in the location or society in which people live.[2][3]After the industrial revolution, mass production in factories made production goods increasingly less expensive and more accessible. Of more importance is the modernization of agriculture, such as fertilizers, to provide enough yield to feed the population.[4] Responding to basic needs can be restricted by constraints on government's ability to deliver services, such as corruption, tax avoidance, debt and loan conditionalities and by the brain drain of health care and educational professionals. Strategies of increasing income to make basic needs more affordable typically include welfare, economic freedoms, and providing financial services. Poverty reduction is a major goal and issue for many international organizations such as the United Nations and the World Bank. The World Bank estimated 1.29 billion people were living in absolute poverty in 2008. Of these, about 400 million people in absolute poverty lived in India and 173 million people in China. In terms of percentage of regional populations, sub-Saharan Africa at 47% had the highest incidence rate of absolute poverty in 2008. Between 1990 and 2010, about 663 million people moved above the absolute poverty level. Still, extreme poverty is a global challenge; it is observed in all parts of the world, including developed economies.[5][6] UNICEF estimates half the worlds children (or 1.1 billion) live in poverty.[7]Poverty has various causes, while some of them can be removed by various measures, eliminating the most complicated underlying causes remains a challenge for both developed and developing nations. Some of the causes of poverty include changing trends in a country’s economy, lack of education, high divorce rate which causes feminization of poverty, having a culture of poverty, overpopulation, epidemic diseases such as AIDS and malaria,[1] and environmental problems such as lack of rainfall.[2][3]It is hard to separate the causes of poverty from the effects, there is no doubt that poverty is associated with various economic and social ills. For example, overpopulation could be a cause or a side effect of poverty. Another difficulty arises when a distinction is made between the proximate cause, intermediate cause, and the fundamental causes of poverty. The proximate cause is the nearest cause in the chain of causation A->B->C->D. In the example just used, the fundamental cause of D is A, and factors B and C are intermediate causes. Listing the Causes of Poverty

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Declining union influence
Economic structures
Lack of education
Parents leaving the family
Teenage pregnancy
Domestic abuse
Employment abuse
Immigrant status
Minority status
Physical and mental illness and disability
Loss of job
Low wage rates
High medical bills
Poverty Imperative
Lack of or inability to afford adequate health insurance
Lack of awareness of government policy
Industrial change
GlobalisationSocial Factors
High taxation
High growth rate of population
Lack of job opportunities in secondary sector
Lack of land resources
Lack of industrialisationOver dependence on agriculture
Inflationary pressure
Drug abuse
Income inequalities
Stolen money
Natural disasters
Natural Disasters.
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples...
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