Advanced Writing Final Essay
Poverty in Egypt
Mostafa Emad 113195
The problem of poverty in the Egyptian society
According to El laithy H. (1998), Poverty is defined as a shortage in money that the people cannot afford the basic needs that are food, water, shelter, education and health care. There are about 85 poor country all over the world including Egypt. Egypt is one of the countries that suffer from a high percentage of poverty in the Arab world and in the whole world. Although there is a difference between the official and non official reports about the percentage poverty in Egypt, it is still a high percentage. Poverty in Egypt is very common in the countryside areas than in the city areas. The total percentage of poverty in Egypt is that there is 46 % of the population lives under the line of poverty. Of this percentage, there are 41 % in the rural areas and 5.5 % live in the city.
According to Gaurav D., & Jolliffe D. and Sharma M. (1998), To be able to understand the true meaning of poverty, we need to know what the poverty line is. The line of poverty is a universal definition which sets the definition of poverty. It the universal poverty line is 1 $ dollar a day. This means that the people who do not get a dollar a day to afford their basic needs are poor. This line was raised to be 1.25 $ a day. So, the people who cannot get a dollar a day are considered poor or live under the poverty line. This line is different from a country to another, but it is only depending on the economical situation in every country. In general, the poverty line all over the world is the minimum money that helps the people to afford the basic daily needs which is 1 $ or 1.25 $ a day.
According to El laithy H. (1998), The poor people in Egypt have common characteristics. These characteristics could be seen in many people around us every day and in every place. The first one is that they are not able to live an honorable life in which they can afford their basic needs. It is true in the recent time that there are many people in Egypt who do not eat three suitable meals every day and complete their dinner or supper sleeping. The second characteristic is that the poor people in Egypt consider education and the medical care are features of luxury. Many poor people die because they cannot afford a surgery or cannot buy their medicine regularly. Many families do not send the children to school as they are not able to pay the expenses of the school; although these expenses are very low.
There are many reasons for poverty like the unemployment and the over population. These to social problems led to a new and more dangerous problem that is poverty. The problem of poverty also leads to other social problems that are child labor, violence and others. It is a circle that needs to be solved together.
According to El Shenawy Naglaa & El Laithy H (2001), To start with, the unemployment is one of the leading factors in the problem of poverty. Unemployment is a social problem that started to appear after the spread of industry as it was not know in the societies that depended on agriculture. In the definition of the world labor organization, the unemployed person is everyone who have the ability to work, wants to work, is looking for work but cannot find any work. The problem of unemployment is very common in the Egyptian society as many university graduate cannot find any work although they are highly educated and many of them want to do any kind of work.
According to El Shenawy Naglaa & El Laithy H (2001), The unemployment is a leading factor in the problem of poverty. As it is defined, people need one dollar to afford their basic daily needs, so how can a person who does not do any work get a dollar a day to afford his need. The problem increases when a person becomes unemployed after having a family. This means that the person had a job and started the family then he became unemployed....
References: 1. El laithy H. (1998). The gender diminutions of poverty in Egypt.
2. El Shenawy Naglaa & El Laithy H.( poverty, employment and policy making in Egypt.
3. Nagi S. (2001). Poverty in Egyt.
4. El Laithy H. (2003). Poverty and economic growth in egypt.
5. Gaurav D., & Jolliffe D. and Sharma M. (1998) A profile of poverty in Egypt/
6. Youssef M. (2005). Do subsidies in egypt help alleviate poverty?
7. Birdsall N. & O 'connell L. (1999). Putting education to work in Egypt.
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