Population Pyramid of China from 1500 to 2000

Pages: 7 (4044 words) Published: November 1, 2014

GEOG1017- Human Geography in a Globalising WorldYung Lok Hang, Hody UID: 3035060798 Words count: 3,483
Q1. Identify the growth and spatial distribution of the human population in a country of your choice and explain the causes and consequences of the pattern of population growth you have identified. Use statistical data to illustrate your points. The population geography of China in 1950-2000s

I.Introduction
Every country has its own population pattern due to different background. The growth, distribution and movement of people in relation to geographic condition can be explained through population geography. For instance, China, transforming from a rural country to a world factory under the economic reform led by Deng Xiaoping, has experienced changes in population growth. Since 1978, Deng created a series of special economic zones for foreign investment that were relatively free of the bureaucratic regulations and interventions that hampered economic growth. These regions became engines of growth for the national economy. [1] Under the great transformation of human activities in China in the era of globalization, a special characteristic is formed in terms of spatial distribution of the human population. This paper aims at identifying the pattern of Chinese population through maps, bar charts and line graphs, explaining the rationales behind in different aspects and discussing the consequences. And, it will focus on the period of 1950-2000s because China is undergoing a significant transformation at that time. There are 3 main research questions: What are the growth and spatial distribution of the Chinese population in 1950-2000s? How it can be explained in different aspects? What are the consequences? II. Pattern of human population in China in 1950-2000sTo explain the patterns observed from analysis, some statistics will be used in form of tables, graphs and maps. However, the statistics refer only to mainland China. Chinese in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Taiwan Province and Macao Special Administrative Region will not be included. A.The population growth

Now, China, the most densely-packed country in the world, has an overall population exceeding 1.3 billion. According to Li Bin, director with the State Population and Family Planning Commission, 22 percent of the world's total population was from China by the end of 1999. [2] This existing population can be divided into two parts, natural growth and population movement. A1.The natural growth

Figure A1.1, The population and the natural growth rate in China, Department of Comprehensive Statistics of National Bureau of Statistics of China. (2010). China Compendium of Statistics. Beijing: China Statistics Press. [3]In the figure A1.1, the total population is directly proportioned to the time, forming a linear graph. Since 1950, the total population has shown a steady increasing trend, except the period of early 1960s. It was decreased from 6.7 hundreds million in 1959 to 6.6 hundreds million in 1962. However, generally, the total population had almost doubled in 50 years, which was increased from 5.5 to 13 hundred million. In terms of natural population growth rate, there is an inverse proportion between it and time, but it also fluctuates more with a nodal graph. Despite the decrease trend in the growth rate, the total population will be increase as long as the growth rate is positive. Between the mid-1950s and early 1960s, the growth rate dropped from 23% to -5%, showing the decrease in total population as mentioned earlier.

Figure A1.2, the births and deaths in China, data is selected from National Bureau of Statistics of China: China Statistical yearbook 2011, chapter 3 Population: the Table of births and deaths 1950-2011 (attached) In demographics, the natural growth rate is the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population. The major reason for population changes, whether in an individual country or for the whole world, is the...
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