Political Ideologies

Topics: Marxism, Sociology, Political philosophy Pages: 3 (909 words) Published: November 26, 2011
D.Sokolova
28/09/2011

On the topic of "Political Ideology" (Heywood 2003, p.5) states: " ‘Ideology’ is consider a particular type of political thought, distinct from, say, political science or political philosophy. " Ideology is a set of views and ideas that provides the theoretical basis to organize and rule community life, establish values, habits and perspectives. It demands the certain methods to be used for solving different social problems. As (MacKenzie, et al. 1994, p.1) have noted, ideology " provides both an account of existing social and political relations and blueprint of how these relation ought to be organized. Beyond this general definition, however, the concept of ideology is notoriously difficult to get to grips with. It is loaded with a wide range of possible meanings, many of which are contradictory. " " The word ideology was coined during the French Revolution by Antoine Destutt de Tracy (1754-1836) , and was first used in public in 1796. For de Tracy, ideologue referred to a new 'science of ideas', literally an idea-ology. " (Heywood 2003, p.6) De Tracy tried to find moral, ethic and political phenomena of basic consciousness and offer a logical explanation under one concept. For Marx and Engels 'ideology' (MacKenzie, et al. 1994, p.5) " is the role of changing historical conditions that is fundamental to the formation of ideas." Rather, French philosopher Louis Pierre Althusser (MacKenzie, et al. 1994, p.16) " insists upon the strict separation of ideology and science. Arguing against the traditional relationship between ideology and truth…" He affirms that " ideology is the 'cement' that binds human societies together. " An Australian political theorist Minogue have noticed, that ideologies (MacKenzie,et al. 1994, p.4) " create the false expectation in people's minds that a perfect world is ultimately attainable." From this point of view," ideologies are seen as abstract system of thought, sets on ideas that are destined to...

Bibliography: 1. Heywood Andrew. Political ideologies: An introduction. 3rd edition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
2. Eccleshall Robert, Geoghegan Vincent, Jay Richard, Kenny Michael, MacKenzie Iain and Wilford Rick. Political Ideologies: An introduction. 2nd edition. London: Routledge, 1994.
3. Eccleshall Robert, Geoghegan Vincent, Jay Richard and Rick Wilford. Political Ideologies: An Introduction
Great Britain: Essex, 1984.
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