Having outlined the nature of leisure in general, the more specific definition of leisure can be described with some exactitude how the concept may and may not be applied. In the first place, leisure should be distinguished from free time, that is, time left free not only from regular employment but also from overtime and from time spent in travel to and from the work place. Free time includes leisure, as well as all the other activities that take place outside the context of gainful employment. The personal needs of eating, sleeping, and caring for one’s health and appearance, as well as familial, social, civic, and religious obligations, must all be attended in one’s free time. Leisure, by contrast, will be described here as having four basic characteristics, two of which can be called negative, since they refer to the absence of certain social obligations, and two positive, since they are defined in terms of personal fulfillment (“Leisure,” Encyclopedia.com). Leisure as time can be in regard to as unobligated or discretionary time. Discretionary time is the time that is not used for obligations and personal maintenance. The view of leisure sees it essentially as time that is free from work or from work-related responsibilities as travel, study or social involvements based on work. It also excludes time devoted to essential life-maintenance activities such as eating, sleeping and personal care. For example, some uses of free time that is not clearly work, or paid for as work may contribute to success at work. A person may read book, articles or journals related to work, attend evening classes related to work competence, invite guests for a party because of work associations or join a club which helps in promoting more business contacts (Mclean & Hurd 17). Leisure as an activity can be defined in which people engage themselves during their free time. This concept of leisure is closely linked to the idea of recreation because it involves in the way in which free time is used for activity purposes. For many individuals, view of leisure would be too confining. They would view relatively passive activities such as reading a book, going to a museum or watching a film (Mclean & Hurd 18). Leisure as an experience emphasis on the perceived freedom of the activity and on the role of leisure involvement in helping the individual achieve personal fulfilment and self-enrichment. This concept of leisure implies a lifestyle that is holistic, in the sense that one’s view of life is not sharply fragmented into a number of spheres such as family activities, religion, work, and free time. Leisure means to be engaged in an activity performed for its own sake, to do something which gives one pleasure and satisfaction, which involves one to very core of one’s being. Leisure means to be oneself, to express one’s talent, one’s capacities and one’s potentials (Mclean & Hurd 18). Culture is defined as a social heritage of a group that is an organized community or a society. It is a pattern of responses discovered, developed, or invented during the group's history of handling problems which arise from interactions among its members, and between them and their environment. These responses are considered the correct way to perceive, feel, think, and act, and are passed on to the new members through immersion and teaching. Culture determines what is acceptable or unacceptable, important or unimportant, right or wrong, workable or unworkable. It encompasses all learned and shared, explicit or tacit, assumptions, beliefs, knowledge, norms, and values, as well as attitudes, behavior, dress, and language (“Culture,” Businessdictionary.com). "Modern culture" refers to the shift in collective thought that took place with the rise in scientific advancements during the Renaissance. The shift continues into the contemporary age. The term is often erroneously used to describe the most current...
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