Physical Education Volleyball and Psychology

Topics: Goal, Offender profiling Pages: 7 (2101 words) Published: August 14, 2009
Physical Education Volleyball and Psychology
of Performance

The aim of the following report was to determine which psychological strategies and drills improved the general skill level of the individual (Jake Bosel) and the team in relation to volleyball. The psychological strategies for our group specifically included motivation, arousal, mental imagery, feedback and goal setting.

During the completion of term one, our group conducted a series of psychological and skill training sessions following tests. These were performed in the following order. (1) Conducted psychological profiling, a game analysis and the completion of accuracy tests for multiple skills before and after training program. (2) The data gained from the psychological and skill tests were analysed to identify both personal and team strengths and weaknesses. (3) Once analysed a psychological strategy was selected for both the team and the individual. (4) Each selected psychological strategy was used in a training session in which a skill was practiced. For each strategy steps 1 and 2 were repeated. (5)At the end of term each skill was retested in a post test analysis in an attempt to show the effectiveness of the psychological strategies exhibited in the groups training sessions.

The practiced strategies incorporated throughout this terms volleyball training program for our group included goal setting, feedback, mental imagery, motivation and arousal. For an outline of each training session see appendix.

A psychological profile consisting of a series of questions was also completed during term one. These questions had specific answers which were used to decide the athletes’ level of excellence, power, stress, independence, success, aggression and affiliation on a scale of 1-40. These results however were recorded but not shared amongst the team so therefore they carry no weight in this assignment.

(Fg1) Pre and Post Accuracy Tests
Tom- Pre Test15141418
Post Test12201820
Daniel- Pre Test17261916
Post Test15162018
Jake- Pre Test14221813
Post Test13191522
Hos- Pre Test18221419
Post Test17172015
Dixon- Pre Test23181315
Post Test12232213
See appendix 1.1 for graph format.

Jess and Rosella results were not tabulated because they did not complete both pre and post test analyses. Discussion

Goal setting is a powerful process for “thinking about your ideal future, and for motivating yourself to turn this vision of the future into reality” (Kynan, 2003.). This psychological strategy was exhibited in one of our training sessions see appendix 2.2. During this training session the athlete stood on a line marked by X’s, they were then thrown a volleyball which they needed to dig back into one of the circles marked on the concrete. Each time this was completed the whole team set a goal in which each member of the team needed to reach a certain amount of points per round. When all of the members of the team reached that number, it would get raised. Goal setting worked quite well for our team, as most of the players met the goals set every time, and this helped improve their digging skill level. This strategy is an important part of sports psychology because it simply provides the athlete with something to aim for thus allowing them to push themselves in order to obtain an increased skill level. The effectiveness of this strategy was high it not only improved the athlete’s score but also created a sense of accomplishment once they reached the set goal. An example on how this strategy affected the athletes digging ability can be seen when comparing the athletes Pre and Post test analysis’s.

Feedback is a major part of any athletes training “without feedback learning is virtually impossible” (Amezdroz, Davis, Dickens and Hosford, 2004. P.131)....

References: Orlick, T., Zitzelsberger, L., LI-Wei, Z., & Qi-wei, M. (1992). The Effect of
Mental-Imagery Training on Performance Enhancement With 7-10-Year-Old
Porter, K., Foster, J. Visual Athletics. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Publishers, 1990.
Suinn, R. Psychological Techniques for Individual Performance. New York, New York:
Macmillan, 1990
Roure, R., et al. (1998). Autonomic Nervous System Responses Correlate with Mental
Rehearsal in Volleyball Training
Murphy, S. (1990). Models of Imagery in Sport Psychology: A Review. Journal of
Mental Imagery, 14 (3&4), 153-172.
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