A. EARLY FILIPINO REVOLTS
More than three hundred years of oppression, the early Filipinos attempted to regain several freedoms taken from them. WHY FILIPINO REVOLTED AGAINST SPANISH AUTHORITIES?
Religious Oppression and Forced conversion to Christianity
Refusal to recognize/accept Spanish rule
Unjust or Oppressive Taxation
I. Lakandula and Sulayman Revolt (1574)
In the same year that the Chinese pirate Limahong attacked Manila, Manila experienced another uprising; this was known as Lakandula and Sulayman revolt or Tagalog revolt. Tagalog revolt was an uprising in 1574 led by Rajah Lakandula and Rajah Sulayman in Manila against Spanish rule when they were persuaded by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi to accept Spanish sovereignty on the promise that the natives would be well-treated by the Spaniards.
II. First Pampanga Revolt (1585)
Some leaders of Pampanga revolted against Spain because of the abuses made by the encomienderos. Part of the revolt was the plan to attack Intramuros and kill all officials there. However, the plot did not prosper. A wife of Spanish soldier who was a Filipina reported the plot to Spanish authorities. The leaders were arrested and then executed.
III. Conspiracy of the Maharlikas (1587-1588)
Otherwise known as Tondo Conspiracy of 1587-1588, was a plot made by “relatives of datus” in Manila against Spanish rule. Agustin de Legazpi, nephew of Lakandula, and his cousin Martin Pagan headed it. However, the uprising failed when certain native named Antonio Susabau of Calamianes informed Spanish authorities about the plot.
IV. Revolt against the Tribute (1589)
In the year 1589, revolt against tribute happened in the provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur and Cagayan. Unjust taxation was the primary cause why the natives, which included Ilocanos, Ibanags and others, revolted over the abuses made by tax collectors. To restore peace, Governor General Santiago De Vera sent Spanish soldiers. Later, the tax system was improved and those natives involved in the uprising were pardoned.
V. Magalat Revolt (1595)
A Filipino rebel from Cagayan named Magalat, spearheaded a rebellion in 1596. A case of inciting to rebellion was charged against him upon his arrest in Manila. He regained his freedom through the help of some Dominican priests and he was returned to his hometown. After his release, he urged the entire nation to revolt and later found they were successful, Spanish did not even notice that they were surrounded by natives. Pedro de Chavez and some Filipino colonial troops were sent by Governor General Francisco Tello de Guzman to fight the rebels. The troops the colonial government successfully defeated the rebels. Some leaders of Magalat were captured and executed. Magalat was killed by his own men in his headquarter.
VI. Igorot Revolt (1601)
In the attempt to convert Igorots to Christianity, Governor General Francisco Tello de Guzman sent an expedition headed by Father Esteban Marin, the curate of Ilocos. However, the Igorots killed Father Marin causing the Governor General to send combined Spanish and Filipino troops led by Captain Aranda. Allegedly, the combined troops employed violence to the natives and even burned the entire village as a revenge for the loss of the friar. Captain Aranda ordered for the execution of Igorot leaders to ensure that no more revolt would follow in the Cordillera region.
VII. Tamblot Revolt (1621-1622)
In 1621, a religious uprising occurred in Bohol led by Tamblot. When the Jesuits came to Bohol in 1596 and converted the natives to Catholic, and eventually governed the island, Tamblot, a babaylan or native priest, urged Boholanos to abandon Catholic faith and return to the old native religion of their forefathers. The uprising ended on new year’s eve of 1622.
VIII. Bancao Revolt (1621-1622)
Another religious uprising occurred in the province of Leyte spearheaded by the datu of...
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