Pharmacology

Topics: Pharmacology, Biology, Medicine Pages: 4 (932 words) Published: May 6, 2013
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Pharmacology is a discipline that incorporates knowledge of molecular and cell biology, biochemistry, chemistry and physiology to analyze the association between therapeutic agents and biological processes. Pharmacologists study the mechanism and effects of action of chemical agents and drugs with living organisms (Nagle and Barbara 2005). Pharmacology has multiple and diverse areas and include the toxicological and therapeutic actions of drug on microorganisms, animals, and humans, the effect of chemicals upon the biological and environmental ecosystems, and the employment of drugs as study instruments for the education of biochemical and molecular mechanisms.

UCSB became the pioneer in offering degree in pharmacological sciences curriculum in 1974. As opposed to professional courses in pharmacy, nursing, and medicine, UCSB lay emphasize in pharmacology as a rudimentary science. Pharmacology major in UCSB is intended for learners interested in research, in all fields of the health sciences. The discipline is not in any way linked to pharmacy training. Pharmacology comprises of different areas, but the two chief areas include pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.

Pharmacodynamics studies the impacts of the drugs on living organisms, and pharmacokinetics studies the impacts of living organisms on the drugs. In general, pharmacokinetics studies the excretion, metabolism, distribution, and absorption of chemicals from the living organisms, while pharmacodynamics studies the biological receptors with chemicals. Even though pharmacy and pharmaceuticals are commonly confused or used interchangeably, the two terms are not synonymous. While pharmacology is a biomedical science that deals with the interaction of drugs within living organisms to affect function, pharmacy deals with the application of knowledge acquired from pharmacology.

Therapeutics, the employment of drugs for...

Cited: Nagle, H., and Barbara, N. Pharmacology: An Introduction. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2005. Print.
University of Cambridge. New Technology Delivers Sustained Release of Drugs for up to Six Months. Retrieved September 11, 2012 from http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/new- technology-delivers-sustained-release-of- drugs-for-up-to-six-months/
Vallance, P. “The Future of Pharmacology” British Journal of Pharmacology 147.1: 304-307, 2006. Print.
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