We believe our children are the future. How do we ensure that we can provide them with all the essential tools to make it as productive adults? Can we produce responsible, loving and caring, respectable individuals to take our place in governing the world? There are a few ways that have been described in the molding of future adults. Parenting styles control the outcome of each individual child and can determine how these children will develop into young adults. In this present day there have been studies to determine what aspects of parenting will yield the most effective and efficient individuals for our society. Parenting styles will dictate how a child will develop competence in dealing with the world. Parenting styles is a model of parental control developed by Diana Baumrind. In her research she determined that there are three descriptive model of parental control that differentiates parents on the basis of maintaining control over their children. (Erberg, Querido, Warner, 2002). According to our text, there are three parenting styles. These are Authoritarian parenting, Permissive Parenting and Authoritative parenting. Each is described as a style where different levels of parental control, guidance and influence are asserted. These different levels may have a direct association with a specific child or adolescent behaviors and affecting individual’s personal development and ability to deal with the outside world as adults. When we consider how our parents raise their children, do we say they know what it takes to properly prepare them for what they will face outside the home? We can say that as parents we try to bring our children up as best we can. Authoritarian Parenting emphasizes on control through strict discipline and obedience. Permissive parenting emphasizes on self-expression and self-regulation with few demands or expectations placed on the child. Authoritative parenting is a style where the parents want to respect individuality but also have a certain level of expectation and a set of standards for conduct. It has a key aspect of reasoning that governs a reciprocal relationship between parent and child. Parental and child involvement and nurturing create a higher level of competence in facing developmental and environmental challenges. After describing what parenting styles are and where it derived from, we can look at an actual group and their parenting style. We may see the differences between parenting styles and outcomes derived from these differences. In my article reviews, I will look at African America families’ parenting style and paternal involvement to determine how it affects young children’s behavior. Although there are many African American families across America, most have a closely related socioeconomic status and live in urban areas where the same models of parenting must be used. According to Jay Fagan, “African-American and Puerto Rican American Parenting Styles, Paternal Involvement and Head Start Children’s Social Competence,” there are cultural variations in parenting as adaptations to environments in which parents raise their children (Fagan, 592). In the inner cities across the United States, African American parents have to develop a parenting style that may not conform to that established and described previously. Although African American parents have been described as having a stricter parenting style similar to an authoritarian style, they must also have a variation of a more rigid authoritative parenting style. So a mixture of the two could be described as authoritative-authoritarian style. “Parenting styles that are viewed as less optimal in one cultural context may be necessary to cope with the realities of another cultural context (Fagan, 593).” With all due respect to the research Baumrind performed and the development of her parenting styles models, African American...
Cited: Fagan, Jay. African American and Puerto Rican American Parenting Styles, Paternal Involvement, and Head Start children’s Competence. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, October 2000, Vol. 46, No. 4, pp. 592-612. Wayne State University Press, Detroit, MI 48201
Eyberg, Sheila M., Querido, Jane G. Querido, Tamara D. Warner. Parenting Styles and Child Behavior in African American Families of Preschool Children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology.2002, Vol. 31, No.2 272-277. Lawrence Erlbraum Associates, Inc.
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