Topics: Philippines, Painting, Manila Pages: 3 (521 words) Published: August 23, 2013

When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521, the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the Catholic faith through beautiful images. With communication as a problem, they used images to explain concepts behind Catholicism and tell stories of Christ’s life and passion.

Paintings was exclusively for the churches and for religious purposes. Occassionally used for propaganda.

Tagalog painters Jose Loden, Tomas Nazario and Miguel delos Reyes, did the first still life paintings in the country. They were commissioned in 1786 by a Spanish botanist to paint the flora and fauna in the country.

The earliest known historical paintings in the Philippines was a mural at the Palacio Real in Intramuros entitle “The Conquest of the Batanes” dine in 1783 which was destroyed during the 1863 Earthquake.

Secular subject matter in painting increased tin the 19th century, with more tourists, ilustrados and foreigners demanding souvenirs and decorations from the country. -------------------------------------------------

Fernando Amorsolo was officially the first National Artist of the Philippines. He was given the distinction of National Artist for Painting in 1972.

Several Filipino painters had the chance to study and work abroad. Among them were Juan Novicio Luna and Felix Resureccion Hidalgo who became the first International Artists when they won the gold an silver medals in the 1884 Madrid Exposition.

Luna’s Academic Painting “SPOLIARIUM” won gold medal. It showed the dead and dying Roman Gladiators being dragged into the basement of allusion to Imperial Spain’s oppression of the natives. Though Winning the gold medal, Luna was not awarded the Medal of Excellence, the top award for the competition, because he was a Filipino.

The King of Spain, commissioned luna to paint “The Battle at Lepanto”

In the same competition, Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo won the solver medal for his...
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