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P2 development through life stages

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P2 development through life stages
During this assignment I am going to explain how genetic, biological, environmental, socio-economic, and lifestyle factors can influence an individual’s development.
Life factors can have a huge impact on an individual’s development. This links in with the nature- nurture debate. The genetic and biological influences that I will discuss link to the nature side of the debate, whilst the socio-economic and environmental influences link to the nurture side of the debate. All the factors within the nature- nurture debate interact with each other (Stretch and Whitehouse, 2010).
Genetic factors can influence a person’s physical, intellectual, emotional and social development. A gene is inherited from the mother and father. Sometimes recessive or dominant genes (alleles) can cause genetic conditions to form, such as downs syndrome or cystic fibrosis (Royal College of Nursing, 2012).
Cystic fibrosis is caused by a recessive and defective gene called CFTR (NHS Choices, 2012). This means that if both of the parents carry the gene, there is a 25% chance of the child having cystic fibrosis. If the child only inherits one of the genes, compared to two, they will only be a carrier and will remain unaffected (Stretch and Whitehouse, 2010). Cystic fibrosis effected 1 in every 2,500 babies that were born in 2011. There are over 9,000 people living with the condition in the UK. The condition predominantly affects people of northern European descent (NHS Choices, 2012).
Cystic fibrosis causes the cells in the body to allow too much salt and water into them. This causes mucus buildups and blockages in the bodies’ tubes and passage ways. The mucus buildups mainly affect the lungs and digestive system (NHS Choices, 2012).
Cystic fibrosis effects physical development because mucus builds up in the tubes of the pancreas and causes decreased digestive capabilities. If the digestive capabilities are decreased, a person may have to take dietary supplements to aid growth. An individual

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