l History of Debate
l The Resolution
l Parts of the Debate
l Speaker Roles
l The Constructive Speech
Debate during the Olden Days
l It was in 5th Century B.C. in Syracuse a city from Ancient Greece has gone through war and revolution. People struggled for peace and order. A particular concern for them was land ownership for lands were claimed through memory.
What is Debate?
l Debate is basically a response to a problem. It is a competition using words and logic. It is to change people’s minds and actions through our words and power of conviction.
Objectives of Debate
l Main Objective
* To resolve the issue intelligently at the end of the debate
• Specific Objectives
* To have a comprehensive grasp of issues
* To be able to prepare a case which tackles the P, N and B.
• Stated as: Let it be resolved that (LIBRT):______________.
* Usually about a policy.
* Stated in a way that alters the status quo.
l Research first before case-building
The team should research before building their case if the issue is new and is still developing.
l Case-building before research
The team should build their case first before undergoing research when the issue has already been widely discussed and debated.
BURDEN OF EACH TEAM
Affirmative – Burden of Proof
Must establish a prima facie case
Must prove all aspects of their case to win
Can not win based on the inability of the negative to prove its case.
Negative – Burden of Rebuttal
Must destroy either the P, N, or b of the affirmative’s case Can not discuss anything that the affirmative did not bring up
ASPECTS OF THE CASE
Practicability – feasibility of a proposition, includes matter of:
*law *clamor *finance
Necessity – need for the proposition, discusses the presence or absence of an inherent flaw in the status quo.
Beneficiality – advantages or disadvantages of adopting or rejecting the resolution, includes;
* specific beneficiaries *specific benefits
Parts of the Debate
l Constructive Speech
The presentation of each team member’s arguments and evidence for each aspect of the case – 5 minutes each
The opportunity for each debater to ask and answer questions regarding their speeches - 3 minutes
The summary and defense of each team’s arguments and evidence, to be delivered by either the scribe or the team captain – 6 minutes
l 3 Speakers
l 1st Speaker (Affirmative Side)
II. State the proposition
A. Define the terms
B. Give the status quo
1. What is the status quo?
2. What is wrong with it?
C. State your stand
A. State all your arguments first
B. Go back, then strengthen each one
C. Always give transition. You could repeat the argument after your explanation.
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