Overview of the Coconut Industry
Philippine Coconut Industry
Philippines is the second largest coconut products producer in the world next to Indonesia. According to Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA), coconut industry is the dominant sector of Philippine Agriculture. The Philippine Coconut Industry is one of the top 5 net foreign exchange earners with the average of US $760M per year. Its contribution to Gross National Product accounts for 1.14% and it has 50% share in world coconut exports. The industry constitutes 3.1M of the 12M hectare of farmlands in the Philippines covering 68 out of 79 provinces planted with coconut. There are 3.5M coconut farmers and 25M of Filipinos are directly or indirectly reliant on the industry. In history, the centers of coconut production were the Southern Tagalog, Bicol regions, and Eastern part of Visayas. Moreover, early on 1990s, the average size of coconut farm is about four hectares. The owner of the farm employs local peasants that are usually less learned, older than a common worker, and earned lower than the average income. Historically, since 1971 many laws were passed to institute various levies on the coconut industry. The martial law regime combined all the coconut-related agencies and government operations to a single agency, the PCA. Figure 1 shows the annual coconut production in the Philippines. The volume of production from 2002 to 2000 generally has an increasing trend from 14,068.5 in 2002 to 15,667.6 in 2009. The production trend is increasing as the government is doing ways to rehabilitate the coconut trees in the Philippines for higher volume of production. As what Jeronimo U. Kilayko, new United Coconut Planters Bank (UCPB), said about he being bound to work with the farmers through a replanting program (The Philippine Star, November 2011).
Figure 1. Annual Coconut Production in the Philippines, 2002-2009 Source: Philippine Coconut Authority, 2011
Figure 2 shows the annual volume of production per region in the Philippines. The top five producing regions are Davao Region, Eastern Visayas, Northern Mindanao, CALABARZON and Bicol Region, respectively. Davao region has the highest production among other regions with 2,635,866.63 MT in 2010. It can be seen that majority of the top producing regions are clustered in Visayas and Mindanao. On the other hand, the lowest producing region is Cordillera Administrative Region with only 913.98 MT in 2010.
Figure 2. Annual Coconut Production per Region (in MT)
Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, 2011
Figure 3 shows the volume of production, in metric tons, by region from year 2000 to 2010. The top 5 provinces with high volume of coconut production are Davao Oriental, Quezon, Davao del Sur, Compostela Valley and Davao del Norte. Four of them are from Davao Region in Minadanao. The province of Davao Oriental and Quezon has the highest volumes of production with 1,114,764 MT and 1,040,864 MT in 2010, respectively. Laguna has the lowest volume of produce in comparison with 6 other provinces, conistently with previous years, in 2010 with 107,215.7 MT.
Figure 3. Volume of Production by Province, 2000-2010
Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, 2011 The area planted and harvested with coconut from 2000 to 2010 is shown in Figure 4. Quezon, Davao Oriental and Davao del Sur have the widest area planted and harvested with coconut with the area of 325,545 ha, 155,705 ha and 97,012 ha in 2010, respectively. Batangas has the lowest are planted and harvested with coconut, from 2000 to 2009 and in the same year, with 6,990 ha. Though, Quezon has a wider area than Davao Oriental, the volume of production in the two provinces are close to each other as seen in Figure 3. Thus, the trees planted in Davao Oriental has higher yield compared to the trees planted in Quezon.
Figure 4. Area Planted/Harvested with Coconut Per Province, 2000-2010 (in Hectares, ha)...
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