Organ failure is when an organ in the body does not perform its expected function. Especially while one’s under medical treatment such as injuries, postoperative shock, or major infectious disease, one’s vital organs are more likely to malfunction.
2. Reasons (Causes)
sepsis (the presence of bacteria in the bloods) and of shock (very low blood pressure). It can occur two or more systems in the body in which case it is multiple organ failure. Body
3. Problems resulting
multiple organ dysfunctional syndrome
4. Scientific solutions
Organ transplantation is the main treatment for end stage organ failure.
About 120,000 patients are waiting for organ transplants in the United States. Around 4,100 transplant candidates are added to the national waiting list each month. Each day, about 77 people receive organ transplants. However, about 18 people die each day waiting for transplants that can't take place because of the shortage of donated organs.
http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/organ-donation.html In the meantime, heart patients awaiting a transplant must rely on mechanical devices, which can increase the risk of infection, blood clots and bleeding in the patient. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/281278.php
Xenotransplantation is a process of transplanting organs from animals, into human recipients. It could replace human organs completely, or provide a stopgap until a human organ becomes available.
Transplantations are necessarily long-term and of uncertain effectiveness. Increasing the supply of organs from human donors is difficult and, in some cases, not without ethical complications. Mechanical and bioengineered organ replacements, while offering future promise, remain problematical for the time being. This means that attention has turned to the use of animal organs as one potential method of satisfying the demand for transplantation....
Please join StudyMode to read the full document