Nosebleed

Topics: Blood, Epistaxis, Bleeding Pages: 3 (672 words) Published: March 7, 2011
Overview
* A nose bleed occurs when a small vein, along the lining of nose, bursts  * Most nosebleeds look scary, but are harmless 
* Can be treated at home 
* Common in children/elderly 
   Causes
* Dryness 
* Nose picking 
* Blowing nose with force 
* Use of medications, like aspirin 
* Introducing objects into nose         (mostly children)  * Injuries 
* Allergies 
* Infections 
* High BP 
* Atherosclerosis 
* Blood-clotting disorders 
* Use of cocaine 
   Symptoms
* Bleeding from nose 
* Sometimes bleeding from ears/mouth too 
   Typesa. Anterior Nosebleed 
* Affects lower part of wall that separates nostrils 
* The wall or septum contains blood vessels 
* These can be broken by blow to nose/fingernail 
* The bleeding starts from front of nose 
* It flows outward when patient is sitting/standing 
* Occurs during dry season/harsh winter 
b. Posterior Nosebleed 
* The bleeding starts deep within the nose 
* It flows down the back of the mouth & throat 
* This happens even when the person is sitting/standing  * Occurs in old people/those with high BP/injuries 
* This type of bleeding is severe/ requires medical help     Treatment
* If your nose bleeds,
* Sit down and lean forward 
* Using your thumb & index finger, squeeze soft part of nose  * This part is between end of nose and the bridge of nose  * Continue holding till bleeding stops- 
* Do not stop in-between 
* If bleeding continues, hold for another 10 minutes 
* If the patient is a child, divert attention by TV/Stories  * Avoid picking, blowing or rubbing nose for 2 days 
* Place an ice pack on the bridge of nose 
   Consult a Doctor If,
* The bleeding continues for more than 15 minutes
* The bleeding is caused by an injury 
* You get nosebleeds often
   Prevention 
* Keep fingernails short
* Quit smoking
* Open your...
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