Network Topology And Wiring

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Network Topology and Wiring
Tiearia Fariss
NTC/361
Professor: Larry Schreider
December

Network Topologies are the different arrangements that contain many different element such as links, nodes, etc. This helps with communication and network information processing. This is a major part of today’s technology and is used by big business as well as for home and personal use. There have been eight different network topologies that have been recognized though out a study.. Throughout this paper each of the eight topologies will be explained as to what they are, what makes each topology different from each other, why one topology is better to use verses the others, and how the size of an organization may affect the topology choices. The eight different types of topologies are: Point to point, Star, Bus, Mesh, Tree, Hybrid, Daisy Chain, and the Ring.
The first four topologies that will be discussed are the point to point, the star, the bus, and the mesh. A point to point topology is known as the simplest topology because of its permanent link between two end points. Star topology each network host is connected to a central hub with a point-to-point connection to a central node which is called a hub or switch. Bus topology each computer is connected to a single Bus cable, which then sends a signal which travels in both directions from the source to all machines connected on the Bus cable, until it finds the intended recipient. If the machine address for some reason does not match the intended address for the data, then the machine ignores that machine address. However, if the data matches it is accepted. The bad part of this topology is that it has a single point of failure which is the cable and if this happens the whole network can shut down. Mesh-is a fully connected network in which each node is connected to each other. A fully connected network does not need to use switching or broadcasting. However its major disadvantage is that the

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