This essay is about defining Motivation and how it affects employees. Also an explanation of the main the types are to be given. A research on popular Theorist was done to support the definition and types. The researcher recognized what impact motivation has on the workplace and seek to discuss the importance.
Motivation is a psychological feature that arouses an individual to act towards a desired goal and elicits controls and sustains certain goal directed behaviors. It can be considered a driving force, a psychological one that compels or reinforces an action towards a desired goal. In other words, a person may have certain needs or wants, and this causes them to do certain things (behavior), which satisfy those needs (satisfaction).
Motivation theories can be classified broadly into two different perspectives: Content and Process theories. Content Theories deal with “what” motivates people and it is concerned with individual needs and goals. Process Theories deal with the “process” of motivation and is concerned with “how” motivation occurs.(Ozgurzan, 2013). For this paper the researcher would focus Content Theories. Developing out from the Cognitive Evaluation Theory (CET- Deci 1975) it was stated motivation can be divided into two types: extrinsic (external) motivation and intrinsic (internal) motivation .
Extrinsic and intrinsic motivations are two opposing ways to motivate people. Extrinsic motivation deals with motivations that are outside of an individual passions, and personal self-esteem. It can be seen as what is done to or for people to motivate them, be it reward or punishment. Extrinsic motivation is anything outside of an individual that they need to obtain or acquire to increase motivation. Examples of extrinsic motivation are pay, promotion, feedback or even working conditions, in other words things that come from a person’s environment or controlled by others. On the other hand intrinsic motivation