1) What is meant by Leadership?/ Define leadership. (2 marks) “Leadership is the ability of a manager to induce subordinates to work with confidence and zeal”. - Koontz and O'Donnell Leadership is interpersonal influence exercised in a situation & directed through communication process, towards the attainment of a specific goal or goals. According to Peter Drucker, leadership is not making friends and influencing people i.e., salesmanship. It is the lifting of man's visions to higher sights, the raising of man's personality beyond its normal limitations.
2) Explain the Nature and Characteristics of leadership.
(8 marks) Leadership is a personal quality.
It exists only with followers. If there are no followers, there is no leadership. It is the willingness of people to follow that makes person a leader. Leadership is a process of influence. A leader must be able to influence the behaviour, attitude and beliefs of his subordinates. It exists only for the realisation of common goals.
It involves readiness to accept complete responsibility in all situations. Leadership is the function of stimulating the followers to strive willingly to attain organisational objectives. Leadership styles do change under different circumstances.
Leadership is neither bossism nor synonymous with management.
3) Explain the importance of Leadership?
(8 marks) Leadership is an important function of management which helps to maximize efficiency and to achieve organizational goals. The following points justify the importance of leadership in a concern. i. Initiates action- Leader is a person who starts the work by communicating the policies and plans to the subordinates from where the work actually starts. ii. Motivation- A leader proves to be playing an incentive role in the concern’s working. He motivates the employees with economic and non-economic rewards and thereby gets the work from the subordinates. iii. Providing guidance- A leader has to not only supervise but also play a guiding role for the subordinates. Guidance here means instructing the subordinates the way they have to perform their work effectively and efficiently. iv. Creating confidence- Confidence is an important factor which can be achieved through expressing the work efforts to the subordinates, explaining them clearly their role and giving them guidelines to achieve the goals effectively. It is also important to hear the employees with regards to their complaints and problems. v. Building morale- Morale denotes willing co-operation of the employees towards their work and getting them into confidence and winning their trust. A leader can be a morale booster by achieving full co-operation so that they perform with best of their abilities as they work to achieve goals. vi. Builds work environment- Management is getting things done from people. An efficient work environment helps in sound and stable growth. Therefore, human relations should be kept into mind by a leader. He should have personal contacts with employees and should listen to their problems and solve them. He should treat employees on humanitarian terms. vii. Co-ordination- Co-ordination can be achieved through reconciling personal interests with organizational goals. This synchronization can be achieved through proper and effective co-ordination which should be primary motive of a leader.
4)What are the various traits of successful leaders?
(12 Marks) The study of some successful leader reveals that the following important traits are possessed by many of them : i. Intelligence. This trait is considered to be the most important trait. Leaders generally have higher level of intelligence than the average of their followers. Intelligence is the natural quality of a person, to a great extent, because it is...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document