Millennium Development Goals
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The Millennium Development Goals are a UN initiative.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 189 United Nations member states at the time (there are 193 currently) and at least 23 international organizations committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by 2015:
To halve the number of undernourished people
To achieve universal primary education
To promote gender equality and empower women
To reduce child mortality
To improve maternal health
To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
To ensure environmental sustainability
To develop a global partnership for development
Each goal has specific targets and dates for achieving those targets. To accelerate progress, the G8 finance ministers agreed in June 2005 to provide enough funds to the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the African Development Bank (AfDB) to cancel $40 to $55 billion in debt owed by members of the heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) to allow them to redirect resources to programs for improving health and education and for alleviating poverty.
Criticisms accompanied the MDGs, focusing on lack of analysis and justification behind the chosen objectives, the difficulty or lack of measurements for some goals and uneven progress, among others. Although developed countries' aid for achieving the MDGs rose during the challenge period, more than half went for debt relief, with much of the remained going towards natural disaster relief and military aid which do not further development.
As of 2013 progress towards the goals was uneven. Some countries achieved many goals, while others were not on track to realize any. A UN conference in September 2010 reviewed progress and concluded with the adoption of a global plan to achieve the eight goals by their target date. New commitments targeted women's and children's health and new initiatives in the worldwide battle against poverty, hunger and disease.
Among the non-governmental organizations assisting were the United Nations Millennium Campaign, the Millennium Promise Alliance, Inc., the Global Poverty Project, the Micah Challenge, The Youth in Action EU Programme, "Cartoons in Action" video project and the 8 Visions of Hope global art project.
1.1 Millennium Summit
1.3 Human capital, infrastructure and human rights
2.1 Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
2.2 Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
2.3 Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
2.4 Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rates
2.5 Goal 5: Improve maternal health
2.6 Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
2.7 Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
2.8 Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
3.2 Lack of Legitimacy
3.3 Human rights
3.5 Human capital
3.7 Women's issues
4.1 Multilateral debt reduction
4.2 Sub-Saharan Africa
4.3 Funding commitment
4.4 United States
4.5 Review Summit 2010
6 Post 2015 development agenda
7 Related activities/organizations
7.2 UN Goals
7.3 Libraries and the Millennium Development Goals
8 See also
10 External links
Preparations for the 2000 Millennium Summit launched with the report of the Secretary-General entitled, "We the Peoples: The Role of the United Nations in the Twenty-First Century". Additional input was prepared by the Millennium Forum, which brought together representatives of over 1,000 non-governmental and civil society...
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