Middle Childhood and Adolescence

Better Essays
Middle Childhood and Adolescence Development
Team B
Psy - 375
July, 2, 2013
Professor Denisha White

Middle Childhood and Adolescence Development
Middle childhood development primarily entails growth previous to puberty during early school years; yet in contrast, adolescence signifies puberty as an inevitable biological change during that period. These stages of development refine the gradual transformation of psychological, physical, and social ways that enlighten any life span. This essay thoroughly will examine adolescent development and include positive and negative consequences of preliminary actions surrounding this time. An annotation will provide an extensive description of changes during middle childhood and adolescence in relations with their peers. In addition, this essay will explore perspectives of egocentrism in adolescents as well as an assessment of stresses frequently encountered by adolescence, such as dating, sexuality, peer pressures, substance abuse and use, and complications in family bonds.
Adolescent Developmental Effects
A general description of adolescence entails the period of transformations between childhood and adulthood (ages 11-18) that is detectable by numerous alterations physically along with developments psychologically, emotionally, and intellectually. Puberty is one of the key elements to reaching adolescence. An increase in production of testosterone, estrogen, and other hormones result from biochemical indicators from the HPA (hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal) axis (Berger, 2011). These hormones arouse curiosity in sexual relations as well as promote changes in temperament and emotions. Adolescence is a cycle of overwhelming development and capabilities, yet it is additionally a period of substantial risky behaviors.
Risks with Positive Consequences Adolescents have an innate ability to listen to emotional signals from others, which aids them in learning to elucidate and organize their own emotions.



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