Adolescent Interview Essay

Good Essays
Adolescent Interview Teenage years can be a challenging time for many individuals. Beginning at the age of 11 through 20, adolescence is defined as a “transitional period in the human life span, linking childhood and adulthood” (Santrock 2009). At this point, the person is no longer a child, but not yet an adult. This makes it a very critical and sensitive time frame for identity formation. According to Erik Erikson, adolescence is marked by the child’s questioning his or her identity during what he refers to as the identity versus identity confusion developmental stage. During this phase, the adolescent becomes mindful of his or her identity and seeks his or her purpose in life, as well as the answer to the eternal question, “who am I?” In their quest to find their sense of self, adolescents experiment with different personalities and roles. Some teenagers display rebellious behavior, which is normal, as they experience a flood of countless emotions. The teens that are able to cope with the differing identities are able to form a new identity that they can accept. On the other hand, those who cannot cope during this experimental period suffer what Erikson calls identity confusion, where they either withdraw themselves from everyone else, or they lose themselves in their peers. Adding to Erikson’s developmental stages, James Marcia proposed that individuals who are in the stage of finding an identity could be classified in four statuses: identity diffusion, identity foreclosure, identity moratorium, and identity achievement. Those with the identity diffusion status have not experienced a crisis nor have made any commitments, and are apathetic. Individuals with identity foreclosure have made a commitment, which their parents have forced upon them, but have not had a crisis. Teens with the identity moratorium are going through a crisis, and have poorly defined commitments or none at all. Ultimately, those with identity achievement have

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Erikson (Burke, 2010) described eight stages through which an individual passes through to adulthood. Every phase is established on successful completion of earlier phases of development. If the challenge is not completed it is expected to re appear in future as a new problem. The psychosocial crisis in later adolescence is individual identity versus identity confusion. A psychosocial crisis refers to a state of tension that results from the…

    • 2619 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Adolescence is a developmental stage that occurs through childhood to adulthood. Adolescence is a critical time in one’s life in which changes are taking place through major factors of physiological, cognitive, and behavioural aspects. As for this period in life it comes with puberty that is referred to as a change and development in the body as a child moves from kid to adult. Also, it is a time where they begin to explore who they are as individuals and develop their own identities as they get more into adulthood. This stage is known as “identity versus role confusion”. The stage comes from Erik Erikson's model from the identified eight stages in the developmental process from birth to old age. In Erikson’s life-span stage theory, identity…

    • 1093 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Identity and Belonging

    • 1034 Words
    • 5 Pages

    “Who am I?” is a question often repeated by teenagers, though they may not voice it out loud or use precisely those words. One of the biggest challenges that adolescents face during the transition between childhood and adulthood is this struggle with their own sense of identity. For one thing, it seems to constantly shift: they may act one way with a particular group of peers and completely different with another.…

    • 1034 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    TMA01 Final

    • 1695 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Psychosocial identity theory is based on how an individual’s identity is shaped by their own development and experiences combined with their social surroundings. Phoenix refers to E. Erikson (Phoenix, 2002), who wrote about eight stages of development whereby an individual’s identity is built over their lifetime. He suggests that most of the time we are unaware of this and is only when something in our life goes wrong or changes that we become more aware of whom we are and therefore what our identity is. This seems to be why Erikson focuses mainly on adolescence, as this is when people tend to explore different possible paths that lead to certain friendships and life choices, he describes this stage as ‘psychosocial moratorium’ that will eventually lead us to shape who we are as adults. Erikson refers to this achievement as ego identity (Phoenix, 2002), where an individual feels comfortable with whom they are. As with anything or anyone in a stage of development, it is not always a smooth transition from one stage to another and the individual can sometimes be delayed or stuck on one stage; in reference to identity Erikson describes this as an identity crisis. Phoenix also refers to Marcia (Phoenix, 2002) who looked at Erikson’s development stages, particularly adolescence and suggested that people often go through different phases of their…

    • 1695 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Identity Crisis Theory

    • 833 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Erik Erikson’s Identity Crisis Theory describes the key part of teens in their adolescence age. In his theory of psychological development, it is called Identity versus confusion.…

    • 833 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Adolescent Self Portrait

    • 863 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Identify specific changes that tend to be the most striking and have the greatest effect on personality.…

    • 863 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Erikson's stage of Identity and Role Confusion is a phase that occurs between ages 12 to 18. This stage is critical to transition into what type of person you want to be. Adolescents leave this stage with a sense of who they are and what they want to become, professionally and emotionally. Factors that impact adolescent development of identity include: family, society, and self reflections.…

    • 336 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    adolescent is a very complex age and it is difficult for them to find their identity. They…

    • 259 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Self-structure is what defines the term, identity. Identity is made of what drives an individual, the abilities they have, what they believe, and their personal history (Marcia, 1980). Identity is one of the main struggles in an adolescents’ life. It is very important that children receive the proper guidance while entering their adolescence from their parents and peers. Although they like to believe that they are capable of developing on their own, adolescents need parental guidance to develop their path of identity development.…

    • 1145 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Lifespan Development

    • 1314 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Adolescence, also known as teenage years is a time of dramatic change. Adolescence is a period in one’s life in which major physiological, cognitive, and behavioral changes take place. This phase of life marks a developmental period that follows childhood and comes before adulthood. Adolescence is closely associated with puberty, which is also considered as a developmental milestone, particularly in the western countries. Puberty refers to the period of adolescence when a person becomes capable of reproduction (Carpenter, S. & Huffman, K., 2010).…

    • 1314 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Between the ages of 10 and 18, also known as adolescents, there is a lot of development that happens that influences an individual’s future. Developments that are cognitive, physical, and psychosocial can all play a role in who a person is and what their beliefs. After interviewing Rani Hong with questions regarding her adolescence, James Marcia’s identity status theory was applied to her responses, including what status’ of identity were illustrated.…

    • 868 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    I conducted an interview with an adolescent named Jonah Navarro, age 15 to try and determine which stages of Erickson’s psychosocial development he had completed, and which one’s he had not. According to Erik Erickson, all people come to understand themselves and the meaning of behavior by completing 8 stages throughout life that start at infancy and end with old age (Feldman pg. 265) Erickson spoke of a specific area that involve adolescents in their search for identity. He said that this search inevitably leads some adolescents to an identity crisis involving substantial psychological turmoil (Feldman pg. 284). Erickson believed that one could not complete or move on to the next stage until he had completed the previous stage (Amy Buckingham Lee, Ch. 9 slides/lecture).…

    • 1025 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Erikson defines identity “where one achieves through examining and committing oneself to the roles and pursuits that define in our society.” Orion examined himself all through his student life. From kindergarten until college he had one question: what am I identified as? Erikson describes adolescent as a critical age where one is in a crisis between identity and role diffusion. Orion was confused with his identity, which brings him into having a trouble adolescent period.…

    • 75 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    In this section of the paper, identity diffusion will be explained along with adjustable outcomes of this status. Most of the in-depth research will come from James Marcia, an influential theorist who explored Erik Erikson’s concept of identity crisis and identity confusion. The term identity status is used to define unique developmental identity points. Identity diffusion embodies a “low level of exploration and a low level of commitment.” This is commonly seen in adolescents who haven’t contemplated on their identity, and haven’t established any life goals. This person lives day by day, living life with no path or design, and dealing with every situation as it comes. Consider the example of Sydney, who breezed through her way of grade school…

    • 243 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Adolescence describes the transitional stage in a teenager’s life, from childhood to adulthood, where an individual evolves physically, psychologically, emotionally, cognitively and socially. It is a defined social category that is expressed through immaturity and unpredictability and allows an individual to learn and discover their sense of self and identity. The idea of adolescence came into perspective after children were expected to take on adult roles as soon as they were mature enough to, going straight from puberty to adulthood. As society changed and moulded, so did the ideas about life stages, which is evident in Erikson’s theory.…

    • 1101 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays