Mayan, Aztec, Incan Dbq

Topics: Mesoamerica, Maya civilization, Aztec Pages: 2 (768 words) Published: March 13, 2011
The Mayan, Aztec, and Inca civilizations brought major accomplishments to the world today. These accomplishments established them as advanced societies during their time without the influence of Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. Some of these accomplishments ranged from agriculture to architecture and on to writing and trade. Such as, the Mayans with their agriculture system of chinampas and there monumental temple/pyramids, the Aztecs with their trading in the city of Tenochtitlan, and the Incas with their road and bridge system connecting the whole empire. The Mayans were the first of the three civilizations. Although they were first they had many achievements in architecture, math and astrology, and writing. The Mayans had the tallest building in the Americas until the twentieth century, which looks similar to Mesopotamian temple, as shown in document one. This building was a sign of architecture achievement in the Americas, especially without the technology of the wheel to help move the heavy rocks for construction. When all said and done, this was a sacrificial building in where sacrifices to the gods would be given. One form of sacrifice to the Mayan civilization was when kings and queens would draw blood from the bodies and give their blood as a sacrificial gift to the gods. A long with their advances in architecture the Mayans developed a complex calendar with hieroglyphics as depicted in Document Two. These glyphs were based on their writing system. Along with their architectural accomplishments and their own unique writing system the Mayans also studied mathematics. The Mayans came up with the idea of zero. Although, the Mayans and the Aztecs were similar they differ in techniques. Such as, their agricultural system, Chinampas. This system consists of dirt mounds in water and the maize(corn) grows on the top of the mound. This system is very effective in the low work sort of way. There is no watering required because of the irrigation from...
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