AP World History
17 October 2013
As history progressed, The Mayan, Aztecs and Incas based new civilizations off of one another. Art, Religion, and innovations help to advance and create the world we live today. Before the discovery of scientific logic everything was based off of religion. Past innovations and art influenced what is seen in modern artists and architects. The Mayan, Aztec, and Incas have many similarities and differences based off of innovations, art, and historically portrayed religious views.
The Mayan innovations included impressive buildings and architecture including canals. Canals were a major achievement of that time. They Maya Pyramid at Tikal was the tallest structure in the Americas before the arrival of the Europeans. Pyramids like those were often topped with temples. The Maya had two calendars, one with 260 days and the other with 365 days, meant that the two would calendars would return to the same cycle. The Mayans carried out astronomical measurements with remarkable accuracy yet they had no instruments other than sticks. The is what help lead to the calendar we have today. The Aztecs much like the Mayans continued use and improvement of the calendar. The Aztec calendar was carved into stone. There were 20 signs, and 13 numbers. Like a gear within a gear, each of the 20 signs would be assigned each of the 13 numbers. Every 52 years, the two calendars would align. The Incas simply followed the calendar of Maya and Inca. The Incas innovation had high engineering much like the Mayans. The Incas built a network of roads, paved with stone blocks that was 14,000 miles long and crossed almost every kind of terrain imaginable. The roads stretched from sea level to almost 12,000 feet in elevation. They built temples, forts, and roads out of huge precisely cut stones that did not need mortar to hold them together. These Inca structures still remain in places today.
The Mayan art had glyphs. They