Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., in his “Letter to Birmingham Jail”, argues that there are two types of laws: just and unjust. King’s purpose is to explain how a just law should be followed, and how unjust laws, such as segregation, should not. He supports this claim by appealing to logos, ethos, and pathos. King begins his letter by responding to his critics that his non-observance of laws is based on the fact of whether they are just or not, by appealing to logos. When King states, “One may well ask: ‘How can you advocate breaking some laws and obeying others?’ as well as: ‘I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. Conversely one has the moral obligation to disobey unjust laws.” he constructs a concession/counterargument. This helps appeal to logos by first acknowledging that there are a some, white clergymen, who may disagree with his stance, but by painting segregation as “unjust”, he is able to counter these clergymen’s opinions, and prove that segregation needs to be abolished. Also, when King explains in a syllogism that laws that degrade the human personality are unjust, and segregation distorts the soul and damages the personality, therefore segregation is unjust. By illustrating deductive reasoning, King logically proves his assertion by giving the general example for what is “unjust” and portraying segregation as such, which can lead to no other conclusion than to abolish segregation. Finally, King appeals to logos through a reliance on authority. By using the clergymen’s beliefs against them, he mentions how both St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine both agree that “an unjust law is no law at all” and a human law “that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law.” King then continues his letter by appealing to ethos. When King states that he is “compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my home town” he builds up an association – a similarity – that relates himself with relevant authorities, such as Paul the Apostle.
Martin Luther king Jr., “Letter from Birmingham Jail”
i) Argument about “Justice and injustice”
ii) Religious appeals in King’s latter
iii) Paragraph fourteen of King’s latter
The pressure of racial segregation was reaching a boiling point in 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama. After being arrested for his part in the Birmingham Campaign, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. wrote an open letter in response….
“Letter from Birmingham Jail” Reading Response
Martin Luther King, Jr. a civil rights activist that fought for the rights of African Americans in 1963. King organized various non-violent demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama that resulted in his arrest. While in jail, King received a letter from eight Alabama clergyman explaining their concern and opposition to King and his non-violent actions. This letter occasioned his reply and caused King to write a persuasive letter "Letter from Birmingham Jail….
Martin Luther King, Jr is a great black man who accomplished many things for the Negros. Martin Luther King, Jr is a pastor and head leader of the Christian church. At his time there was many racism going on against the Negros. Blacks would suffer from violence and discrimination from the whites. Colored people did not have the same rights as the American whites. For years, the discrimination and racism was going on. But a firm believer of freedom, Pastor Jr was determined to fight for equal rights….
Martin Luther King Jr. was a civil rights activist who stood strong in advocating justice and equality. King believed in nonviolent civil disobedience and wanted to bring an end to the constant racial segregation faced by the blacks in Birmingham, Alabama. In April 1963, while protesting for struggled equality of the blacks in Birmingham, King and the other protestors were arrested and jailed. While serving his jail term, King wrote “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” as a retort to the moderate, white….
Martin Luther King 's use of figurative language in "Letter from Birmingham Jail"� is an effective way for him to reinforce his thesis about non-violent protest and race discrimination. The figurative language in the letter enhances the letters persuasive qualities of pathos, ethos, and logos to evoke emotion and sway readers toward King 's point of view. King is the President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, which was formed in 1957. He was arrested for protests of a non-violent….
a major topic raised in Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, where he reached out to white clergymen who had criticized his civil disobedience protest methods as counter-productive. In the letter, Dr. King reminded his fellow clergymen that at the time, the city of Birmingham, Alabama was a pariah of racial injustice, having recently elected yet another pro-segregationist mayor. After countlessly being told to “wait” for racial equality to manifest, King states that it is necessary….
In the excerpt of ¨Letter from Birmingham Jail¨ Martin Luther King Jr uses many rhetorical devices that help make his letter emphasis more on the problem that many African-Americans were facing before and during the civil rights movements. In the the letter King uses techniques like repetition to bring more focus and meanings to his ideas, allusion to relate to an event that explains King's motivation, and pathos to bring the reader to feel what he feels through what he has written. An example of….
In “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” Martin Luther King, Jr., one of the most influential and significant civil rights movement figure, delivered a strong message defending African American’s necessity of demanding civil rights and arguing reformation of unjust laws. Since the very beginning of slavery in U.S., African Americans have not been able to escape from practices of dehumanization. When hope had finally shone along with the abolishment of slavery, a shadow followed as this minority community….
LETTER FROM BIRMINGHAM JAIL RESPONSE.
Martin Luther King Jr.'s revealing, 'Letter from Birmingham Jail', delves into the segregation, injustice and violence of Birmingham, Alabama, "probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States"(Inquiry, p.#391, paragraph 6) In response to criticism from eight clergymen of Birmingham, King details the process of preparation for the nonviolent protest that took place in Birmingham. Imprisoned for protesting without a license, Dr. King's words….
freedoms as exposed in Martin Luther King Jr.’s Letter From Birmingham Jail. Even though our Founding Fathers established these rights to all of the people in 1787 and slavery had been abolished in 1865, a negro’s life did not fall under this covenant of freedom. Hostility and intolerance plagued these times, and someone needed to put an end to the oppression. Too much scarlet red had oozed out of the lives of innocent negro men, women, and children. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of those individuals….