LOVE VERSUS LUST
THE DECONSTRUCTIVE ANALYSIS TOWARD ERNEST HEMINGWAY’S NOVEL A FAREWELL TO ARMS
Submitted to fulfill the final assignment of
Mata Kuliah Kajian Sastra Inggris Mutakhir
Magister Ilmu Susastra
: Tri Arie Bowo
MAGISTER ILMU SUSASTRA
LOVE VERSUS LUST
THE DECONSTRUCTIVE ANALYSIS TOWARD
ERNEST HEMISNGWAY’S NOVEL
A FAREWELL TO ARMS
Tri Arie Bowo
Magister Ilmu Susastra Universitas Diponegoro
Literature is an autonomous artwork. It can be interpreted from its own part. The relation of parts of a literature work creates meaning. The meaning obtained from relation of parts in literary work is unreliable. A Farewell to Arms is a novel which showed that unreliability. That novel reveals ambiguous feeling between love and lust in Henry. This essay attempts to reveal the unreliability of meaning through the deconstructive analysis.
Keywords: love, lust, the deconstructive analysis
Literature is born from human. Literature is a reflection of human’s conditions and thought. The social and cultural background of a work of literature is crucial to the understanding of a work of literature. Those thought create confusion in understanding a work of literature because a work of literature might be interpreted in different meaning.
A work of literature is a product. It has a structure and its own system. In other word, literature is an autonomous product. In order to understand an autonomous product, focus on its parts is highly needed. The connections among parts of a work of literature create a whole meaning. Eagleton (1982:94) stated that “with structures, and more particularly with examining the general laws by which they work.” that statement revealed that in a work of literature contains structures and system which organize its part.
A whole meaning (logocentric meaning) is formed by the connection of parts of work of literature. However, logocentic meaning is unreliable because a work of art is a work of language. A Farewell to Arms is an example of a work of art which has its conditions. That novel tells about Henry; an American ambulance driver whom work in Italian army. During the war, Henry falls in love with Catherine; a British nurse whom work in Italy. Henry and Catherine desert from the Italian war because of their love. They want to get away from the war in order to be together. At a glimpse, this novel tells about Henry’s powerful love towards Catherine but there are few part of this novel which doubted that interpretation. Due to that problem, the researcher would like to reveal Henry’s love using deconstructive analysis.
2. Review of Related Literature
A novel is able to create many meanings. The structure in a novel opens multiple interpretations. Due to that reason, deconstruction analysis regards meaning as plural. The meaning in a novel is not static. Meaning is dynamic due to its connections with different part of a novel. Deconstructive analysis did not believe that there is a logocentric meaning.
A reliable definitive definition of deconstructive analysis is questionable. Wardoyo (2004:350) stated that defining deconstruction analysis is “futile”. Despite the confusion of its definitive definition, the deconstruction analysis is obviously a method of critical analysis. Johnson (1985:102) stated that “deconstruction denotes of particular kind of practice in reading and, thereby, a method of criticism and mode of analytical inquiry”.
The purpose of deconstructive analysis is to undermine the logical interpretation of a text. Culler (1982:86) stated that “to deconstruct a discourse is to show how it undermines the philosophy it asserts, or the hierarchical opposition on which it relies.” That purpose is not based on the cynical view of certain interpretation but based on the language’s ambiguity. language is not merely a carrier of...
Bibliography: Culler, J. 1982. On Deconstruction: Theory and Criticism after Structuralism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Eagleton, T. 1982. Literary Theory: An Introduction. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Johnson, B. 1980. The Critical difference: Essays in the Contemporary Rhetoric of Reading. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
Johnson, B. 1985. The Critical Difference: Essays in the Contemporary Rhetoric of Reading. London: JHU Press.
Wardoyo, S. 2004. A Road Map into Literary Research Method: In the Tapestry of English Language Teaching and Learning. Malang: State University of Malang Press.
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