LITERARY DEVICES

Topics: Fiction, Literary genre, Satire Pages: 13 (4550 words) Published: January 26, 2015
LITERARY DEVICES (ELEMENTS AND TECHNIQUES)

Allegory
Definition:
An allegory is a symbolism device representing an abstract idea. Example: Faith is like a stony uphill climb: a single stumble might send you sprawling but belief and steadfastness will see you to the very top. Alliteration

Definition:
Alliteration is a literary device where words are used in quick succession and begin with letters belonging to the same sound group. Example: The Wicked Witch of the West went her own way.
Allusion
Definition:
An allusion is a figure of speech whereby the author refers to a subject matter as passing reference. Example: It’s no wonder everyone refers to Mary as another Mother Teresa in the making; she loves to help and care after people everywhere- from the streets to her own friends. Amplification Definition:

Amplification refers to a literary practice wherein the writer embellishes the sentence by adding more information to it. Example: Original sentence- The thesis paper was difficult. After amplification- The thesis paper was difficult: it required extensive research, data collection, sample surveys, interviews and a lot of fieldwork. Anagram

Definition:
Anagrams are an extremely popular form of literary device wherein the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word. Example: An anagram for "debit card" is "bad credit".
Analogy
Definition:
An analogy is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas. Example: In the same way as one cannot have the rainbow without the rain, one cannot achieve success and riches without hard work. Anastrophe

Definition:
Anastrophe is a form of literary device wherein the order of the noun and the adjective in the sentence is exchanged. Example: He spoke of times past and future, and dreamt of things to be. Anecdote

Definition:
a short verbal accounting of a funny incident
Anthropomorphism
Definition:
Anthropomorphism can be understood to be the act of lending a human quality, Example: Antithesis
Definition:
An antithesis is used when the writer employs two sentences of contrasting meanings in close proximity to one another. Example: When Neil Armstrong walked on the moon it might have been one small step for a man but it was one giant leap for mankind. Aphorism

Definition:
An aphorism is a concise statement that is made in a matter of fact tone to state a principle Example: Upon seeing the shoddy work done by the employee the boss told him to “either shape up or ship out”. Archetype

Definition:
An archetype is a reference to a concept, a person that has served as a prototype of its kind and is the original idea that has come to be used over and over again. Example: Romeo and Juliet are an archetype of eternal love and a star-crossed love story. Assonance

Definition:
Assonance refers to repetition of sounds produced by vowels within a sentence Example: “A long song”. Bibliomancy
Definition:
As the very name itself suggests, this kind of literary device finds its roots in biblical origins. Example: The Vedas serve as a tool for Bibliomancy to the Hindus while Muslims rely on the Koran. Bildungsroman

Example: Scarlet O’Hara in Gone With the Wind experiences immense personal growth as she learns the value of friends and hard work under duress, without compromising her own dreams. Cacophony
Definition:
A cacophony in literature refers to the use of words and phrases that imply strong or harsh words His fingers rapped and pounded the door, and his foot thumped against the yellowing wood. Characterization

Definition:
Characterization in literature refers the step by step process wherein an author introduces and then describes a character. Example: Michael Corleone was not jus' a mafiaso, but a family man. A man who walked the knife's edge to preserve his sanity. Chiasmus

Definition:
Chiasmus is a figure of speech containing two phrases that...
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