Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy’s leadership style although different had similar qualities. President Eisenhower and Kennedy could be considered to have the leadership styles of both the “Director” and “Navigator”. Thomas Preston has explained a Director style is a leader with “both extensive policy experience and a high need for power” (Preston, 2001). Directors have direct involvement in policy process by setting guidelines and advocating for their own personal views. The Navigator also has extensive expertise in policy but they also search for the opinions and viewpoints of other advisors. Navigators will gather the information and from the multiple different perspectives have a more deliberate decision making style. Without having a Navigator sense of style, the effectiveness of any leader can be limited because of a lack of information gathered and reviewed for decision.
President Eisenhower proved his leadership style by the way he was involved in the political unrest in Vietnam. According to Preston, President Eisenhower “preferred formal, hierarchically organized advisory structure where information and advice could be centralized into a small inner circle of advisers” (Preston, 2001). However because of the President’s expertise in foreign policy he had a very