Melissa D. Green, MHA
University of Phoenix
Leadership Models in Health care
Leadership has developed over time into a variety of different models. Four of these models are transactional leadership, transformational leadership, charismatic leadership, and situational leadership. This paper will describe in detail the characteristics of these four leadership models, focusing on their similarities and differences. These models also can be used to address contemporary leadership issues and challenges in health care. Understanding these leadership models will help move forward in any organization as a leader.
Contrast of Leadership Models
Transactional Leadership Transactional leadership is also known as managerial leadership. It focuses on the role of supervision, organization, management, and group performance. In this model, rewards and punishments are based on the performance of the follower. This model is more easily recognized and utilized in business settings. It is stated by Weber that without structure and incentives, the higher sense of meaning dissipates (Jones, 2001). Rules, procedures, and standards are a necessity in transactional leadership and are most influential when problems are clear, simple, and defined. Specifically defined in health care, gender, age, education, and health care experience contribute to the utilization of transactional leadership. It was shown in a study of an Ontario Hospital that continued use of transactional leadership negatively impacted viability and ultimately the profit margin (Nurse, 2010). This suggests that followers ultimately need a higher sense of meaning within an organization to feel a part of it. Transactional leadership assigns a precedence of reward correlated to a followers worth, which can destroy their sense of commitment to the leader and the organization over time if the transactions are not favorable to the follower. However, without