Leader is a person who influences the attitudes & behaviour of others in group activity. A leader guides and directs other people towards the achievement of group goals and oblectives.Leader creates and sustains enthuasim among them and gives their efforts a purpose ( Muvugan 1992) Capacity to influence others is power, leadership is exercise of that capacity. “Leadership can be defined as the power of a person i.e. the acts of making something happen that would not tother wise occur”. Leadership simply means “making something happen”. Leadership is more associated with authority from below and from within, leadership has more to do with the person and less to do with the position. Leadership is about influence and not about command and control. Leadership is a process by which an individual influences others to fulfil a need or a purpose and takes the organization in a structure that makes it more regular and clear. “Leaders take out the this process by using their leadership characteristics, such as beliefs, values, principles, character, knowledge, and skills”. (www.leadership501.com) “Leadership is the process of influence and example by which an individual (or leadership team) induces a group to take action that is in accord with the leader’s purpose, or the shared purposes of all.” John W. Gardner and sometimes outside constituencies.
“Leadership trait studies are mostly psychosomatic in approach. However sociological approach is to evaluate the description of leader that result from their point in society; social class; education; gender and religion; ethnic and kinship networks”(Whiltington 1993) Leadership trait theory is basically based on the idea of leaders are born and not made. Usually traits are considered to be part of a person’s qualities from birth. As per this point of view, leadership trait theory tends to assume that people are born as leaders and not made as leaders. (Gill 2006)
This is a genetic approach in that it is assumed that leaders are born rather than made. There is an explanation to a major difficulty raised in conjunction with the genetic approach; the offspring of a great leader may not have leadership abilities because the wrong traits were inherited. It thus appears that the trait theory of leadership is a clear concise view of the origins and nature of leadership, but same is not the case, scientific investigation has produced extremely contradicting evidence, traits denoting leadership in one scientific study are not found in others and the situation is further complicated by the sheer number of supposed leadership traits. (Montana , Charna 2000a)
There is great of value in identifying the character traits related with leadership. It is even important to recognize the character traits that supporters look for in a leader. These traits will be the characteristics of an individual who is normally likely to draw followers. However, the concept that leadership traits are inborn and fixed seems to be incorrect. It is true that many of our styles and tendencies are prejudiced by our personalities and the way we are born but, people know that it is possible for someone to change their character traits for the worse. if a person is known for being honest, the can learn to be dishonest. The complete thought of saying that someone was “corrupted” is based on the fact that people are able to get bad character traits. .
The book “The Leadership...
References: Bass M , Avolio J (1994) Improving organisational effectiveness through transformational leaders(3rd edn) pg 50, 51, 52.Sage
Bass M Bernard, Riggio E (2006) TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP (2ND EDITION) PG 3, 4
Blake W (1994) current thinking about leadership( 1st edn.) pg 47.Cosimo, inc.
Gill R (2006) theory and practice of leadership ( 3rd edn) pg 37, 38. Sage.
Gilbert P (2005) Leadership: Being effective and remaining human(1st edn) pg 48, 49.Russell house publishing.
Montana J, Charna H ( 2006) Management (5th edn) pg a 261, 261 b 263, 264.Barsons educational series.
Muvugan S (2005) Mangement: practice and principles ( 2nd edn)pg 326, 327. New age publishers.
Vasu L, Stewart W (1998) O.B and public management (2nd edn) pg 106, 107. Crc press.
Vinzant J, Crothers L (1998) Street level leadership (3rd edn) pg 77, 78. George university press.
(electronically accessed on 15th dec 2008)
s Bass and Avolio (1994), Transformational leadership factors.
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