2013 BAR EXAMINATIONS
1. General Principles 1.1. Concept of remedial law 1.2. Substantive law vis-a-vis remedial law 1.3. Rule-making power of the Supreme Court 1.3.1 Limitations on the rule-making power of the Supreme Court 1.3.2. Power of the Supreme Court to amend and suspend procedural rules 1.4. Nature of Philippine courts 1.4.1. Meaning of a court 1.4.2. Court as distinguished from a judge 1.4.3. Classification of Philippine courts 1.4.4. Courts of original and appellate jurisdiction 1.4.5. Courts of general and special jurisdiction 1.4.6. Constitutional and statutory courts 1.4.7. Courts of law and equity 1.4.8. Principle of judicial hierarchy 1.4.9. Doctrine of non-interference or doctrine of judicial stability 2. Jurisdiction 2.1 Over the parties 2.1.1. How jurisdiction over the plaintiff is acquired 2.1.2. How jurisdiction over the defendant is acquired Over the subject matter 2.2 1. Meaning of jurisdiction over the subject matter 2.2 2. Jurisdiction versus the exercise of jurisdiction 2.2 3. Error of jurisdiction as distinguished from error of judgment 2.2 4. How jurisdiction is conferred and determined 2.2 5. Doctrine of primary jurisdiction 2.2 6. Doctrine of adherence of jurisdiction 2.2 7. Objections to jurisdiction over the subject matter 2.2 8. Effect of estoppel on objections to jurisdiction Over the issues Over the res or property in litigation Jurisdiction of courts
2.3. 2.4 2.5.
2013 Bar Examination Coverage 2.5.1. 2.5.2. 2.5.3. 2.5.4. 2.5.5. 2.5.6. 2.5.7. 2.5.8. 2.6. 2.7 Supreme Court Court of Appeals Court of Tax Appeals
Regional Trial Courts Family Courts Metropolitan Trial Courts/Municipal Trial Courts Shariah Courts
Over small claims; cases covered by the Rules on Summary Procedure and
3. Civil Procedure 3.1. Actions 3.1.1. Meaning of ordinary civil actions 3.1.2. Meaning of special civil actions 3.1.3. Meaning of criminal actions 3.1.4. Civil actions versus special proceedings 3.1.5. Personal actions and real actions 3.1.6. Local and transitory actions 3.1.7. Actions in rem, in personam and quasi in rem 3.1.8. Independent Civil Actions Cause of action 3.2.1. Meaning of cause of action 3.2.2. Right of action versus cause of action 3.2.3. Failure to state a cause of action 3.2.4. Test of the sufficiency of a cause of action 3.2.5. Splitting a single cause of action and its effects 3.2.6. Joinder and mis-joinder of causes of action Parties to civil actions 3.3.1. Real parties in interest; indispensable parties; representatives as parties; necessary parties; indigent parties; alternative defendants 3.3.2. Compulsory and permissive joinder of parties 3.3.3. Misjoinder and non-joinder of parties 3.3.4. Class suit 3.3.5. Suits against entities without juridical personality 3.3.6. Effect of death of party litigant Venue 3.4.1. Venue versus jurisdiction 3.4.2. Venue of real actions 3.4.3. Venue of personal actions
2013 Bar Examination Coverage
3.4.4. Venue of actions against non-residents 3.4.5. When the rules on venue do not apply 3.4.6. Effects of stipulations on venue 3.5. Pleadings 3.5.1. Kinds of pleadings a) Complaint b) Answer i. Negative defenses ii. Negative pregnant iii. Affirmative defenses c) Counterclaims i. Compulsory counterclaim ii. Permissive counterclaim iii. Effect on the counterclaim when the complaint is dismissed d) Cross-claims e) Third (fourth, etc.) party complaints f) Complaint-in-intervention g) Reply 3.5.2. Pleadings allowed in small claim cases and cases covered by the Rules on Summary Procedure 3.5.3. Parts of a pleading a) Caption b) Signature and address c) Verification and certification against forum shopping i. Requirements of a corporation executing the verification/certification of non-forum shopping d) Effect of...
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