Topics: History of India, India, Sanskrit Pages: 22 (4056 words) Published: April 30, 2014
Education plays a major role in nurturing human talent and potential which in turn enhances their ethical values and enables them to become self reliant and achieve prosperity. One of the major intellects of his time Swami Dayanand Saraswati said that education is a tool through which a person achieves knowledge, civility, righteousness and control over his senses and because of which the darkness of illiteracy, immorality, vanity and …………… are destroyed. In the modern era the term education means to learn. The word "education" is a latin word. According to the Latin grammar “E”means to take out powers from within and “duco” means to further progress it or lead it further. According to the Random House dictionary education means to take out energy from within (something) is. A great educationist of the modern world Professor Richard Malcolm Weaver states that the source of knowledge lies within the person who wants to gain it. The main aim of Education should be to be a medium through which a student should hone his talent, increase his logical reasoning, and resolve to uphold his principles and logical reasoning and rationality, chisel out his/her potential for their development and become skilled in their profession as well as their duty. According to Yajurveda’s chapter nineteenth para 30 the goal of education is to learn and understand truth and to bring out the importance and utility of truth in the daily existence of humans. maharishi Patanjali has written in Mahabhasya that importance of education could be elaborately conceived via four stages enumerated below: 1. Instructional phase: When the student learns from the teacher with reverence in a class like environment. SriKrishna also says in Gita that “Shraddhavan labhate jnanam” meaning that only a man who is full of faith and is devoted to it will attain knowledge. 2. Speculation phase: After attaining knowledge from the teacher the student now introspects about what he has learnt. The student should have veneration towards his teacher but at the same time should also be able to question the logic of the teachings. The student should never forget that the teacher has taught him as far as his knowledge went and there after it is the responsibility of the student to try to constantly enhance it. As knowledge is endless so, there should be a constant endeavor to enhance it. 3. Reflection phase: After studying and thinking about what the student has leant, he must try to discuss it with his companions and try to see different perspectives. 4. Application phase: Now the students should reflect on utilizing the knowledge gained in an effective and fruitful manner in their respective lives. To skillfully use the knowledge gained for the betterment of the society, nature and fellow beings should be the aim in this phase. How can one contribute to the betterment of the environment should be the aim of this phase. The development of mental, intellectual and spiritual senses and to enhance our knowledge of self should be the ultimate aim for any human. Further elaborating on this Maharishi Kapil says that “Gyanaan Mukti” meaning that only knowledge can lead to ultimate freedom (Chapter 3 Para 23: Sankhya Shastra). If an individual wants to get free of the worldly illusions of poverty, unemployment, slavery, illness, violence, strife, greed, incivility, uncouthness, hatred and ignorance then he has to make constant efforts to gain knowledge and get out of the circle of misery. Maharishi Manu says that even if one has to approach an enemy to gain knowledge, one should not hesitate. Lord Krishna says in SriBhagwad Gita Chapter 4 Para 38 that “Nahi Jnanena sadrusham pavitram iha vidyate ” meaning that it is for a fact that certainly, there is nothing pure akin to 'Knowledge’ in this world. History also reiterates that all the happiness, riches, glory and peace in the world can only be obtained through knowledge. The Arabs ruled...
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