Antigone is the daughter of Oedipus, the king that married his own mother, Locaste and unwittingly killed his father, Laios. When he learned what he had done, he blinded himself and left Thebes, voluntarily went into self-style exile and died over there. Antigone and Ismene are siblings, the only surviving children of Oedipus. The other two brothers Polyneices and Eteocles quarreled and killed each other in a battle when Polyneices returned to assault Thebes, then Creon, Antigone uncle became the king of Thebes being the only heir in line to the throne. Creon ordered Polyneices be left to rot unburied on the battle field as a traitor but Antigone could not see reason to let her brothers body rot unburied. Antigone died for her love and loyalty to her family. These two surviving sisters Antigone and Ismene, were then raised by their uncle, Creon, who later installed himself as King.
Creon was not a crown Prince but after the death of all the surviving sons of King Oedipus, he was next in line to be the king. And I, as the next in blood, he succeeded to the full power of the throne. (Literature for Composition.464.15) He was a character that valued loyalty to the homeland above anything else. His address at the Palace portrait him as a person that will reward loyalty and punish, severely, a traitor. His order that Polyneices body be left to rot unburied as a traitor was not intentionally to offend the gods but rather to show that traitors whether dead or alive will be punished, thus demanding total loyalty to the state. This will forestall further possible trouble maker that could probably instigate the public against the State and make his reign a difficult period. The mistake he made was not to have chosen appropriate punishment this could be as a result of his lack of knowledge of what is expected from a true heir to the throne and waits too late to heed well-meaning advice. ARGUMENT
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